A2 AQA (B) English Language revision notes

Hi there.

So I've created some revision notes for the English Language AQA A2 exam which is focused for the 3rd June 2014 exam.

It includes both child language acquisition and language change.

I hope it helps.

Good luck with your revision!

_______________________

Any feedback is welcome.

Good luck with your exam!

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DEVELOPING LANGUAGE
A2 AQA
03/06/14
Bethany Cunningham
l…read more

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EXAMINATION CRITERIA
WHAT ARE THE ASSESSMENT OBJECTIVES?
Question A01 A02 A03 Total
Questions 1/2 24 16 8 48
(7.5%) (5%) (2.5%) (15%)
Questions 3/4 24 16 8 48
(7.5%) (5%) (2.5%) (15%)
A Level Total 48 32 16 96
(15%) (10%) (5%) (30%
EXAM TIPS AND TECHNIQUES
1. High level students use precise terminology in order to describe and explain data.…read more

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At the 10 month stage (approximately) during babbling is where children of different
nationalities start to sound different.
Some babies during the babbling stage begin to use rhythms that resemble speech patterns; they use recognisable
intonation.
The stages of development are just guides. They are not suggesting that children automatically
mature to the next stage. In the data in the exam, children are likely to not follow the stage to the
table. The most commonly assessed stages are telegraphic ­ post-telegraphic.…read more

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THE FIS PHENOMENON-BERKO AND BROWN
Children are aware of the phonological development-they understand the meaning.
Children can recognise and understand a wide range of phonemes.
They understand all phonemes but can't produce them.
Phonetic awareness Phonetic production
OTHER PHONOLOGICAL ERRORS
ADDITION This is where children add (usually a vowel) to make the final position easier to say; easier than a consonant.
E.g. dog (c-v-c structure)/ dogu (c-v-c-v structure)
ASSIMILATION The consonant final is influencing the consonant initial position.
E.g. tub becomes bub.…read more

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Alveolar S,
Using the middle of the z
mouth.
APPROXIMANTS
Air goes through the mouth, this is like a vowel.
Part of the mouth Examples of letters
created
Alveolar W
Using the middle of the ,
mouth. r,
j
VOWELS
Air goes through the mouth.
CRUTTENDEN'S STUDY INTO INTONATION
He investigated if young children could understand varying intonation. He compared adults and children to see if they could
predict football results from listening to the scores.…read more

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VOCABULARY SIZE
Age Vocabulary size
(number of words)
12 months 5
0
24 months 2
0
0
36 months 2
0
0
0
12 months (fis phenomenon): they understand more, approximately 250 words.
2-7 years are estimations because of the volume of lexis learnt.
NELSON-KEY THEORIST
Katherine Nelson (1973) identified four categories for first words (50):
1. Naming (things or people).
2. Actions/events.
3. Describing/modifying things.
4. Personal/social words.
She found that 60% of first words were nouns.…read more

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E.g. babies like picking things up and putting things in their mouth.
She also found that common adjectives (e.g. nice and big) are developed in the first 50 words, however, spatial adjectives are
acquired later (e.g. wide/narrow).
LESLIE RESCORIA-TYPES OF OVEREXTENSION
Categorical extension ("category")-the name for one member of a category is extended to all members of the category.
E.g. stars being called moons as they are in the same category of space.…read more

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GRAMMATICAL DEVELOPMENT
TWO WORD STAGE
ROGER BROWN-MEANING RELATIONS IN TWO WORD STAGE
Agent and affected: something affects the object, e.g. dad kicked.
Action and attribute: does someone do something to an object, e.g. me food.
Entity and attribute: is a person or object described, e.g. cat fat.
Action and affected: does an action affect an object, e.g. sit chair.
Entity and location: is an object located, e.g. pencil floor.
Action and location: does an action occur in a place, e.g. kick floor.…read more

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POST-TELEGRAPHIC STAGE
MORPHOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT
This was suggested by Roger Brown and includes:
Present tense progressive -ing.
Prepositions in/on.
Plural -`s.
Past tense irregular run/ran.
Possessive -`s.
Uncontractable copula is/was.
Articles the/a.
Past tense regular -ed.
Third person regular runs.
Contractable auxiliary she's running.
Contractable copula she's.
Uncontractable auxiliary they were running.
Contractable auxiliary she's running.
VIRTUOUS ERRORS AND OVERGENERALISATIONS
VIRTUOUS ERRORS-syntactical errors made by young children in which the non-standard utterance reveals some
understanding through incomplete of standard syntax.
E.g.…read more

Comments

Rebecca :-)

Really good notes, thank you!  

Good luck for the exam on June 3rd, I will be sitting it as well :)

Bethany Cunningham

Thank you Rebecca :-). Yeah good luck for you too. I hope we do well; fingers crossed!

Rebecca :-)

Good luck for the exam tomorrow :-)

amber copeland

Dreading it!!! got two in one day! thanks though, same to you!

Elizabeth Parker

Just like to say thank you so much! I showed this to my teacher and she made copies for our whole class, we're all very grateful!!! Brilliant and thorough notes!

connormaddick

GOOD LUCK XX

lmb503

An excellent resource! Thank you for sharing!

AndyCSAFCJonE

Good luck to everyone! YOU WILL SMASH IT!

callumreveley

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TommyHamblin

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callumreveley

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AndyCSAFCJonE

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TommyHamblin

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