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Language Change

The future of English language is either Prescriptive or Descriptive:
Prescriptivism ­ An attitude to language use that makes judgements about what is
right or wrong, and holds language up to an ideal standard that should be
Descriptivism ­ An attitude to language use that seeks to…

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Modern Compounds ­ combining of separate words to create a new word,
sometimes using a hyphen to link them ­ `carbon-footprint'
Eponym ­ the name of a person after whom something is named ­ `Sandwich'
Proprietary names ­ The name given to a product by one organisation becomes the

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Irregular verbs do not take the `-ed' ending for the past simple tense and the past participle
forms. The Past simple tense is used for past actions that happened at a specific time. The
Past participle is formed by adding `-ed' to the base form, unless it is an irregular…

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letter `j' was originally a variation on `i'. The practice of using the extended f form of the
sound /s/ when it occurred in the middle of words persisted well into the 18t century.

In the 17th century upper-case letters were often used for all nouns as well as at…

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1476 Caxton the Printer- Started standardisation, the language needed uniformity in order
to make more money from books. Picked spellings from all over England his Need;
1526 Tindal's Bible- Translated the Bible from Latin to English Fashion (to be religious)
1600 Trading in India- Building up empire- trading more…

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1955 Black Civil Rights Movement in America- Fading of Politically Incorrect words, though
some people may have deliberately used non-PC words to rebel Need
1960 More Liberation and opportunity for women emerging.
1970 Educational opportunity for girls improving provided career opportunities
1972 School Leaving Age: 16- Much greater interest in…


Bethany Cunningham


These are great, precise notes!



Amazing notes!



Thank you for these! 



really helpful thank you ! 

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