Roman Legionary Soldier

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  • Created by: Charlotte
  • Created on: 18-02-13 15:21
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  • Legionary Soldiers
    • RECRUITMENT
      • interviewed on legal status
      • Vegetius' manual - 'broad-chested, powerful shuolders and strong arms'.
      • Correct trade - hunter, butcher, carpenter
    • TRAINING
      • March 24 Roman miles
      • Physcial fitness (swimming, jumping etc)
      • Weapon training (wooden sword, wicker shield)
        • Attack dummy enemies
      • Javelin (pilum) throwing
        • 3m long, pierce armour from 23-28m away
      • Routine marches through countryside
      • Practise building forts/camps
    • WORK
      • Mostly peacetime duties
        • Building, road making etc
      • Stationed in large legionary fortess
        • e.g. Deva (Chester) or Vindobona (Vienna).
      • Duty rosterprovides evidence of work
        • Wirtten on papyrus
    • PAY
      • 1st century A.D. 225 denarii per annum
      • 96 A.D. 300 denarii per annum
      • Bought own equipment, food
      • Some money in military savings bank
      • Actually got 1/4 or 1/5 of pay
      • Discharge sum of 300 denarii or land
    • PROMOTION
      • Paid more, fewer duties
      • Centurion commanded century (100 soldiers)
        • Assisted by optio
        • 60 centurions
        • Responsible for training and discipline
        • Paid 1500 denarii per annum
        • Primus Pilus (senior centurion) - highly respected, high salary
          • Could become a 'praefectus castrorum'
      • Standard bearer (signifer), Tesserarius (organised guards) and a few clerks
    • AUXILARIES
      • Heavily armed legionaries, best fighting force
      • Cavalry, other specialised troops
        • Archers - Arabia
        • Slingers - Majorca and Minorca
        • Cavalry most important
      • Positioned each side of Legion
        • Protect centre
        • Launch attacks
        • Pursue defeated enemy sources

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