Roman Family

Brief summary of the roles of the roman family and education  

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The Family in Rome
The Role of the Paterfamilias:
Roman Men's Rights:
At the age of 16/17 a Roman Male was initiated into society.
He would have the
toga virilise and be enlisted as a full citizen
The Paterfamilias were the male heads of the Roman family
They had legal rights over the entire familia, he could beat them, sell them into
Roman Men's role:
He would be the religious head of the family.
He organised daily worship in the L ararium
They would worship the lares (family ancestors)
He might make offerings to the penates( spirits of the larder)
He was responsible for the welfare of his family
He had to oversee the education of his children
He would find a suitable p aedagogus to tutor his boys
He also had to organise the marriage of his daughters
Rich Men:
Wealthy Roman Men would patron clients
He would own a business
They would have clients do things for them
Poor Men:
Would be clients for wealthier patrons
They would be expected to do jobs for the patron
They would hope for money/food in return
The Role of the Matrona/Materfamilias:
Roman Women's Rights:
Women didn't have any rights and were treated as minors
They were under the control of the paterfamilias, men could easily divorce women
but it was much harder for women to divorce men, only if he deserted her/joined
legionary and if he died she had to wait 1 year.
They couldn't vote or stand
The only influence they had in the political system was through male relatives

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Roman Women's Role:
A married woman was called a Matrona she was expected to run the household
She had to organise education (sonsschool/daughtershousehold)
She had to oversee the nursing of the children
She had to organise slaves for cooking and cleaning
She needed to manage the spinning and weaving
Rich Women:
In a wealthy household she was known as the Materfamilias
This signified her authority over the slaves and children
A wealthy women had to oversee events such as parties
In the morning she was…read more

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