Rome The Colosseum

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  • Created by: M-
  • Created on: 28-11-15 17:01
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  • Colosseum
    • The Colosseum
      • Held 50,000 people
      • Had 80 separate entrances
      • Had an enormous awning to protect audiences from the sun
      • Strict hierarchy in seating
        • Emperor had own imperial box
      • Games paid for by emperor or ambitious magistrate who, wishing to run for higher political power, hoped to gain popularity by putting on a show and being seen to share interests with citizens
    • Wild Beasts
      • Would be used:
        • To perform tricks
        • To fight one another
        • In staged hunts
        • Against a bestiarius
      • The slaughter of obscure animals made a strong political statement
        • The Roman Empire had power over the fiercest beasts in the world
          • Caused extinction of several species
        • The Roman Empire had power in far-flung parts of the world
    • Executions
      • Wild Beasts
        • Would be used:
          • To perform tricks
          • To fight one another
          • In staged hunts
          • Against a bestiarius
        • The slaughter of obscure animals made a strong political statement
          • The Roman Empire had power over the fiercest beasts in the world
            • Caused extinction of several species
          • The Roman Empire had power in far-flung parts of the world
      • During lunch, convicted criminals were executed by the wild beasts
      • Done to create a spectacle
      • Could be tied to a pole and smeared with blood or left to run free
    • Gladiators
      • Trained in gladiator schools (ludi gladiatorii)
        • "we solemnly swear to obey our trainer in everything. To endure burning , imprisonment, flogging and even death by the sword"
      • Normally slaves, prisoners-of-war or criminals who were chosen for their physique or citizens looking to get rich
      • 4 common types of gladiator
        • Samnite: helmet, full armour, large shield and short sword
        • Myrmillo: bare upper body, loincloth, curved rectangular shield and a slashing sword with a helmet that was crested and decorated with a fish
        • Secutor: Same as Myrmillo but with a plain helmet
        • Retiarius: trident, net, dagger, loincloth and shoulder piece
      • Show
        • Parade of Gladiators-Oath to Emperor
          • Crowd would cheer for their favourite. Trainers would whip gladiators who weren't fighting hard enough
            • Fighting wold stop when one was seriously wounded. The loser could appeal for mercy. The decision would be indicated by the emperor's thumb.
              • IF ALLOWED
                • Loser is spared
              • IF NOT ALLOWED
                • The victor could cut the loser's throat and he was dragged out by an official dressed as Charon, guardian of the Underworld
                • Unusual-a gladiator's death was a waste of time and money
      • Could earn freedom if he has a distinguished career

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