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  • Kant
    • He is an absolutist and searches for Absolutist rules
    • His argument is a priori because it has no proof, just logic
    • Universal Law Principle: No one should do anything that they would not accept as universal law for everyone in every situation
    • Good will and duty
      • "Nothing can be taken as good without qualification, except good will."
      • Good will is doing an action because it is your duty to do that action.
      • Duty is the highest and purest of goods because it is devoid of human emotion.
        • "Duty involves freely choosing the action."
      • He believed an action should be based on an intention and not it's consequences.
      • Imperatives
        • An imperative is something that should be done.
        • Catergorical imperative, doing something out of duty, regardless of result
          • "Act as if the maxim of your act were to become by your own will a universal law of nature"
        • Hypothetical imperative: doing something in order to achieve a result
          • “The hypothetical imperative represents the practical necessity of a possible action as means to something that is willed”


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