History golden 20

  • Created by: Kya annie
  • Created on: 06-12-19 21:16
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  • Golden 20’s
    • Changes in the standard of living
      • Hourly wages rose in real terms every year from 1924 to 1930, with a rise of 10 per cent in 1928 alone.
        • Pensions and sickness benefits schemes were introduced.
          • Compulsory unemployment insurance was introduced in 1927, which covered 17 million workers.
            • Government subsidies were provided for the building of local parks, schools and sports facilities, and there was a massive programme of council house construction.
    • Changes in the position of women
      • Work
        • Women experienced pressure to return to their ‘traditional’ role as wives and mothers.
          • During times of economic crisis, such as the hyperinflation of 1923 and during the Great Depression, women returning home were seen as a solution to the problem of unemployment.
            • However, during the recovery of the mid-1920s women were welcomed into the workforce. The number of women in work was 1.7 million higher in 1925 than it had been in 1907.
              • Women were increasingly taking on white collar jobs, though these were mainly done by single women under 25.
                • Overall, the percentage of women in work only rose by less than 1 per cent between 1907 and 1925
    • Politics
      • German women achieved the vote on an equal basis with men when the new German constitution was announced in August 1919, along with the right to be elected to the Reichstag and all other governmental bodies
        • There is evidence that women’s roles in politics grew during the Weimar Republic, but there were also limitations to the progress they made:
          • Women participated in democracy Women’s voting turnout in the elections for the National Assembly in January 1919 was the same as men’s at 82 per cent.
            • IPoliticians recognised womenPolitical parties quickly realised the need to appeal to the women’s vote and much propaganda was directed towards them.
          • Women were elected to local and regional assemblies all over Germany, and typically made up around eight per cent of the representatives in the Prussian Landtag, the most powerful regional parliament.
    • Stayed the same
      • During the rest of the Weimar period women’s voting turnout was typically 5-10 per cent lower than that of men.
        • Propaganda usually appealed to women as wives and mothers, rather than asking for their vote on the basis of improving their own lives.
          • No women held cabinet posts during the Weimar Republic’s 14 year existence and no women sat in the upper house of parliament, the Reichsrat.
      • By 1933 women made up just 4.6 per cent of the representatives in parliament.
    • Leisure
      • The classic image of German women in the 1920s is that of the so-called ‘New Woman’, similar to the ‘Flapper’ in 1920s USA: short haired, liberated, having fun. However, not all women’s lives changed as drastically and the leisure activities women took part in showed elements of both continuity and change.


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