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  • harmonium
    • simon armitage is famous for his colloquial language and the inclusion of autobiographical material in his poems.
      • family is an important topic for armitage, as is his music. this poem combines both subjects
    • memories in the past were happy and joyful and now he feels its an end of an earer (end of their time)
      • because the harmonium will be leaving and his dad will die
    • hopeful= line 3 and 4
    • mournful= line 6
    • nostalgic= line 15 and 16
    • jolly= line 17 and 13
    • sad= line 23 and 24
    • inadequate= line 25,26,27
    • when the harmonium leaves it will be a reflection of his dad leaving (both in a box)
    • the harmonium and his dad can be portrsyed as an interchangeable structure
    • the harmonium and the dad are half dead but still have life
      • with care they can gain more beauty. they both still have some life left in them
    • there are mostly no rhymes (free verse)-  it doesn't follow a pattern.
      • symbolises the sound of a harmonium, and also relects the father and son's relationship which isn't perfect
    • line 25 there is no punctuation- intense emotion enjambment
    • the language used to describe the harmonium and the father is interchangeable because they are similar in that they are both half dead but still half alive, with care they can gain more beauty
      • with care they can live a bit longer
    • he uses S and H because they are soft sounds whichc an represent the air going through
    • they are both breathless by leaving the church
      • lifting the harmonium and also because of his old age and smoking, he is struggling for breath
    • he uses sibilance and aliteration of H  because it is a soft sound- they mimic the osund of the harmonium which shows the active love and bonding
    • lovely music and choir signing throughout the poem
      • he is starved of breath, and can't make a sound- he feels inadequate in contrast to the poem
      • there is a contrast within the 2 lines where the son can't make any noise


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