AQA Psychology Unit 1 Gender Development AO1

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  • Created by: chapa
  • Created on: 21-05-13 10:49
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  • Gender Development
    • Sex
      • Biological characteristics of a person
      • Genes, chromosomes, reproductive anatomy)
    • Gender
      • psychological and behavioural characteristucs of a person realating to their sex
      • masculinity, femininity
      • Gender can change, sex cannot
        • Sex
          • Biological characteristics of a person
          • Genes, chromosomes, reproductive anatomy)
    • Androgyny
      • People who have high levels of masculine and feminine traits
      • can be measured using BSRI
        • BSRI reduces complex concept of masculinity and femininity to simple scores
          • over-simplicfication
    • Sex Role stereotypes
      • An oversimplified, general attitude of how maels and females are expected to behave
        • eg mascualine role - father
        • eg feminine role - mother
    • Cultural variations in gender related behaviour
      • Investigating two or more cultures for the purpose of comparison to consider the universality of gender roles
        • Mead(1935)
          • Observed three tribal communities, found many differences in gender roles
            • No relationship with biological sex and gender role
      • Often relies on observation, looking at eg parenting in different cultures
        • Weakness
          • May misinterpret an action during observation
          • could be biased to their hypothesis
        • Strength
          • Contirbutes to nature/nature debate
    • Nature/Nurture Debate
      • Nature
        • Gender differences are innate and are determined by biological factors
          • e.g. hormonal and genetic factors
      • Nurture
        • Gender differences are a result of environmental differences
          • Social and cultural factors

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