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PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 2: STRESS Chapter 1/3Jemini Barchha



PSYCHOLOGY ­ STRESS
Stress= When there is a lack of balance between perceived requirements of a situation
and the perceived ability to cope with these requirements
Stressors:
-Appearance
-Money
-Hospital appointments

Body's Response to Stress
Body responds to stress in the following ways...…

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PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 2: STRESS Chapter 1/3Jemini Barchha

o Took blood samples from participants 1 month before exams- Low-Stress
Period and during the exams- High-Stress Period
o Immune system functioning was measuring by assessing NK cell activity
o Questionnaires given to measure other life stressors + Feelings of loneliness


Findings
o…

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PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 2: STRESS Chapter 1/3Jemini Barchha

o Ethical Issues
-Protection
o Lacks ecological validity




Outline and evaluate research into stress and the immune stress (12 Marks)
Kiecolt-Glaser et al carried out a natural experiment to study the capability of the immune
system in people facing stressful situations. The experiment…

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PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 2: STRESS Chapter 1/3Jemini Barchha

have to adjust to a life event, the more stressful it is. They made a list of major events, e.g.
death of a spouse- and asked hundreds of men and women to rate each item on the list
according to how much life…

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PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 2: STRESS Chapter 1/3Jemini Barchha



From this study we can see daily hassles are linked to stress and health, with a stronger
correlation than found with the SRRS, however this means it cannot establish cause and effect.
They could be ill from more hassles? This study suggests that…

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PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 2: STRESS Chapter 1/3Jemini Barchha

o Temporal validity
-Longitudinal study
Changes in job

Supporting Study- Johansson et al
Procedure
o Identified a group of high-risk finishers in a Swedish saw mill
-To complete the last step in the preparation of timber
o Job was machine paced, thus noisy;…

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PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 2: STRESS Chapter 1/3Jemini Barchha

Impatience and hostility were assessed by the interviewer- by deliberately
interrupting the participant.
-Categorised as either A1, A2, B or X
Findings
o 8.5 years later, it was found that 257/3200 males developed CHD
o Out of the 257, 70% had been categorised…

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PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 2: STRESS Chapter 1/3Jemini Barchha

Challenge= View life events as challenges to overcome- chance is an opportunity for
development

Evaluation for Kobasa
Androcentric bias:
Kobasa used mainly western, male, white-collar workers- making ti difficult to
generalise to other cultures and genders
Face validity:
3 C's are unclear, e.g.…

Page 9

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PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 2: STRESS Chapter 1/3Jemini Barchha



1) Focusing ­ Kobasa suggested that people should focus on the physical symptoms of
stress so they are aware when more attention is needed, see where the stress is
coming from.

2) Reconstructing stress situations ­ This is thinking about recent stressful situations…

Page 10

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PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 2: STRESS Chapter 1/3Jemini Barchha

o Thought to perceive stress as problems to be solved
Skills Acquisition Phase (&Rehearsal)
o Coping skills taught > practised in clinic and rehearsed in life
o Cognitive and behavioural skills > Positive thinking, relaxation, time
management etc.
Application Phase (&follow-through)
o Apply…

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