Conformity and Obedience Psychology revision notes AS (AQA)

These notes are ones that I made for my exam, and really helped me revise and get the top grades.

They include everything that the exam board asks for in term of the specification,and are orgainised in a way that will make revision easier, including mind maps and tables, etc. And they're done in colour! Added bonus! whoop whoop!

I hope they help y'all, and good luck :D

P.s.These notes may contain some minor grammatical errors like spelling misakes, but all information is correct.

P.p.s. I sat the exam in June 2013 btw

Feel free to check out my other psychology notes, aswell as my sociology ones :D

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  • Created by: Glambert
  • Created on: 20-02-14 23:25

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Psychology UNIT 2: Social Influence
Part 1: Conformity
Psychologis Study Conclusion Issues
Sherif Each participant was taken It was found that Methodological:
(1936): The individually to a dark room, individuals Lab based-high
and asked to focus on a changed their control.
auto kinetic single dot of light. views and agreed Repeatable-
effect. In the first condition, to similar answers. reliable.
Sherif asked each Those with high Low ecological
**Staring at a participant how far the dot answers lowered validity.
dot of light in a moved, and in which them and vice Ethical:
dark room, direction. The answers versa. Deception (were
which appears varied dramatically. A group norm was asked by how
In the second condition, formed by the much the dot
to move, but
participants were placed in members. moved, when it
in reality it the room together, in was actually
doesn't.** groups of 3, all with still).
different estimates. Informed
Debrief.…read more

Slide 2

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Psychology UNIT 2: Social Influence
Part 1: Conformity
Psychologist/Tit Study Conclusion Issues
Asch (1951): 123 participants were Overall conformity Lab based-
Compliance- placed in groups of 7-9 was 37%. high control.
majority and seated around a 5% of participants Allows for
Influence. large table. conformed in on cause and
The experimenter every trail. effect.
To investigate showed 2 cards; one of a 25% didn't conform, Culturally bias.
whether people standard line, and one despite group Dated.
conform when with 3 comparison lines, pressure. Repeatable-
facing a minority which were labelled A,B When asked why reliable.
that is wrong. or C. they conformed, Low ecological
Participants had to match they said they knew validity.
these to the standard the right answer, Psychological
line. but wanted to fit in. harm.
Each group did 18 trials, They also felt Informed
but confederates were stressed. consent.
instructed to give the Debrief.
same wrong answer in 12
/18 trials.
Internalisation-Minority Influence:
Psychologist/Tit Study Conclusion Issues
Clark (1998/99): Carried out studies using the Participants were Methodological:
Internalisation- 1954 film '12 angry men', in influenced by how Not lab
Minority which the single Jura believes many people based-role
Influence. that the defendant is innocent changed to the not play.
and tries to convince the jury. guilty position. High
To investigate Participant were asked to play After 4 people ecological
minority influence the role of the Jury, and to changed their validity.
using a mock decide the guilt/ innocence of minds, they were Not
jury, to overcome the defendant. also likely to adopt reliable.
problems of lack In the first study220 participants this position. Ethical:
of ecological were given a summary on the Thus, 4 was when Informed
validity. film, containing evidence the sealing of consent.
showing the defendant was influence was Debrief.
guilty. Only some were given reached (the stage
this info out of the defence and when the change is
counter arguments. made. The
In the second study they were minimum number of
given the Jury's discussion. people needed to
A 9 point scale was used to change someone's
express their opinion on whether mind).
the man was guilty.…read more

Slide 3

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Psychology UNIT 2: Social Influence
Part 1: Conformity
Psychologist/Tit Study Conclusion Issues
Zimbardo Mock prison, where 24 male student The power Methodological:
(1971): The volunteers were recruited and of a Certain level
Stanford Prison allocated as either prisoners or situation of validity.
Experiment. guards. can Yet was still
Prisoners were arrested from home, influence controlled.
To investigate taken to prison, stripped, dressed in the level of Gender bias.
whether the a smock and were given a prisoner conformity. Culturally
brutality found in number. They were to spend 23 Ordinary bias.
prisons was due hours , for 2 weeks in their cells. stable Set up after
to identification Guards were given uniform, night people can the war- time
with roles. stick, dark glasses and worked abuse bias.
shifts. They were told to keep power and
prisoners in control, but weren't behave Ethical :
allowed to use physical violence. violently if Psychological
Within a day the prisoners rebelled, placed in harm.
and so were locked up. Soon the certain Confidentiality.
punishments escalated. Prisoners situations. debrief.
were humiliated, sleep deprived and Withdrawal.
force fed. They became stressed Offer
and passive showing stress. psychological
The experiment was called off after support.
6 days.
A02-Factors Effecting
Conformity…read more

Slide 4

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Psychology UNIT 2: Social Influence
Part 1: Conformity
A02-Factors Effecting
Conformity (cont)
CONFORM?…read more

Slide 5

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Psychology UNIT 2: Social Influence
Part 1: Conformity
CONFORM?…read more

Slide 6

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Psychology UNIT 2: Social Influence
Part 1: Conformity…read more

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