feminist prespective on crime and deviance

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  • Created by: Molly
  • Created on: 03-12-12 17:15
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  • feminist theories of crime and deviance
    • 'malestream' and invisibility of women
      • studies have generally been about male offenders and deviants. little attempt to explain female offending
      • female victimisation was ignored and particularly female victimisation by men in the form of domestic and sexual violence.
      • male dominance in society was refelected in a male dominance of mainstream theories of crime which was seen as malestream
      • heidensohn suggests many reasons for this invisibility...
        • academics and researchers of crime and deviance were prodimanantly men
        • 'malestream' middle class sociologists had a kind of romanticised male preocupation with macho working class deviance
        • less to study due to low level of female crime
    • growth of feminist criminology
      • feminist crimonology focuses on female offending, womens treatment by criminal justice system and the study of female victimization and the gender gap in offending
      • importance of gender identity in understandingcrime rather than simply focusing on offending strucutral features like strain, subculutres, class or power.
        • smart (1976) pointed out that women offenders are often seen as double deviants because they break the law but also the traditional gender roles too, highly stigmatised.
    • feminist perspective has contributed a number of points..
      • a new foucs on female offending and the experiences of women in the criminal justice system
      • the application of existing theories, critcisms of them and the development of new theroies to explain female deviance
      • a new focus on the various types of victimization  suffered by women
      • a challenge to the popular misconceptionthat women enjoy chivarlry from the criminal justice system and are treated more leniently than men
      • an importnat new focus on gender and gender identity
  • smart (1976) pointed out that women offenders are often seen as double deviants because they break the law but also the traditional gender roles too, highly stigmatised.

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