Elizabethan England Part One: Elizabeth's Court and Parliament.

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  • Elizabethan England Part One: Elizabeth's Court and Parliament.
    • Keywords:
      • Protestant: Christians who broke away from the Roman Catholic Church during the reformation. They believe in the teaching of the bible but reject the  authority of the pope
        • Succesion: Inheriting or taking up a position or title.
          • Keywords:
            • Protestant: Christians who broke away from the Roman Catholic Church during the reformation. They believe in the teaching of the bible but reject the  authority of the pope
              • Succesion: Inheriting or taking up a position or title.
                • Court: Entertain and advise the monarch. A public display of wealth  and power. Courtiers had influence over the monarch rather than any actual power.
            • Puritan: Strict Protestants who wanted to get rid of ritual in church services and lead a plain, simple life.
            • Privy Council: Responsible for the general admission of the country, debate on issues and advise the monarch
            • Parliament: Grant Extraordinary taxes, pass laws and offer advice to the monarch.
            • Justices of Peace: Members of nobility, unpaid, reported to the privy council. Was a position of status and so was a popular job
            • Parliament: Highest legislature in the UK
            • Suitors: A man who pursues a relationship with a particular women with a view of marriage
            • Patron:A person who gives financial support or other support to a person, organization or cause.
            • Courtiers: People who attend court as a companion or adviser to the king or queen
            • Nobilty: The act of belonging to the aristocracy.
            • Patronage: The power to control appointments to the office or the right to privileges.
          • Court: Entertain and advise the monarch. A public display of wealth  and power. Courtiers had influence over the monarch rather than any actual power.
      • Puritan: Strict Protestants who wanted to get rid of ritual in church services and lead a plain, simple life.
      • Privy Council: Responsible for the general admission of the country, debate on issues and advise the monarch
      • Parliament: Grant Extraordinary taxes, pass laws and offer advice to the monarch.
      • Justices of Peace: Members of nobility, unpaid, reported to the privy council. Was a position of status and so was a popular job
      • Parliament: Highest legislature in the UK
      • Suitors: A man who pursues a relationship with a particular women with a view of marriage
      • Patron:A person who gives financial support or other support to a person, organization or cause.
      • Courtiers: People who attend court as a companion or adviser to the king or queen
      • Nobilty: The act of belonging to the aristocracy.
      • Patronage: The power to control appointments to the office or the right to privileges.
    • Protestant Churches were created by Elizabeth I's father Henry VIII for Catholics who wanted to get divorced and remarry
      • Elizabeth's Background and Character:
        • Elizabethan England Part One: Elizabeth's Court and Parliament.
          • Protestant Churches were created by Elizabeth I's father Henry VIII for Catholics who wanted to get divorced and remarry
            • Elizabeth's Background and Character:
              • September 1533: Elizabeth was born. Henry VIII had been hoping for a male heir
              • May 1536: Anne Boleyn , Elizabeth's mother was executed on her father's orders, charged with treason, incest, adultery and witchcraft.
              • June 1536: The second act of succession. This declared that Elizabeth was illegitimate. The first act passed in September 1533 had said Mary was
              • January 1547: Henry VIII died and Edward became King.
                • March 1549: Seymour was executed for treason. He was accused of plotting to overthrow Edward and marry Elizabeth. This was a grave scandal that had the potential to place Elizabeth's life in danger. She protested her innocence.
              • July 1553: Death of Edward VI and accession of Mary I
              • March 1554:  Wyatt's rebellion. This was an uprising against Mary's spanish marriage. Wyatt claimed Elizabeth approved but he later retracted this. Again, Elizabeth had to protest her innocence
          • Why Didn't Elizabeth Marry?
            • Elizabeth's Problems.
              • Her Government was in debt from Mary I
              • Young and Inexperienced
              • Wants to change the religion to Protestantism
              • People question her legitimacy
            • As soon as Elizabeth came to the throne in 1588 people expected her to get married and started to wonder about who her husband would be
            • Marriage was  essential for a wealthy and powerful woman especially a queen.
            • Marriage was not for romance reasons but for other reasons
            • Evidence their was issues between Elizabeth and Parliament
              • Elizabeth had nearly died in 1562. With this scare. Parliament wanted to secure a protestant heir as soon as
              • Forced her to promise that she would marry as soon as conveniently possible
              • The house of commons continued to push Elizabeth for an answer. This forced Elizabeth to command that Parliament was no longer allowed to speak of marriage and succession without her say so .
                • Evidence there were no issues between Elizabeth and Parliament.
                  • Historians argue that it wasn't just parliament that wanted Elizabeth to marry, the whole nation wanted stability and it was Elizabeth's privy Councillors who pushed Parliament  to discuss these matters
                  • Parliament never used Elizabeth's marriage as a blackmail tool. She was never denied money from Parliament and was given multiple subsidies during the Spanish war.
                  • Elizabeth was in control of parliament and was forced to remind them that she was their anointed queen who will never be by violence constrained to do anything
        • September 1533: Elizabeth was born. Henry VIII had been hoping for a male heir
        • May 1536: Anne Boleyn , Elizabeth's mother was executed on her father's orders, charged with treason, incest, adultery and witchcraft.
        • June 1536: The second act of succession. This declared that Elizabeth was illegitimate. The first act passed in September 1533 had said Mary was
        • January 1547: Henry VIII died and Edward became King.
          • March 1549: Seymour was executed for treason. He was accused of plotting to overthrow Edward and marry Elizabeth. This was a grave scandal that had the potential to place Elizabeth's life in danger. She protested her innocence.
        • July 1553: Death of Edward VI and accession of Mary I
        • March 1554:  Wyatt's rebellion. This was an uprising against Mary's spanish marriage. Wyatt claimed Elizabeth approved but he later retracted this. Again, Elizabeth had to protest her innocence
    • Why Didn't Elizabeth Marry?
      • Elizabeth's Problems.
        • Her Government was in debt from Mary I
        • Young and Inexperienced
        • Wants to change the religion to Protestantism
        • People question her legitimacy
      • As soon as Elizabeth came to the throne in 1588 people expected her to get married and started to wonder about who her husband would be
      • Marriage was  essential for a wealthy and powerful woman especially a queen.
      • Marriage was not for romance reasons but for other reasons
      • Evidence their was issues between Elizabeth and Parliament
        • Elizabeth had nearly died in 1562. With this scare. Parliament wanted to secure a protestant heir as soon as
        • Forced her to promise that she would marry as soon as conveniently possible
        • The house of commons continued to push Elizabeth for an answer. This forced Elizabeth to command that Parliament was no longer allowed to speak of marriage and succession without her say so .
          • Evidence there were no issues between Elizabeth and Parliament.
            • Historians argue that it wasn't just parliament that wanted Elizabeth to marry, the whole nation wanted stability and it was Elizabeth's privy Councillors who pushed Parliament  to discuss these matters
            • Parliament never used Elizabeth's marriage as a blackmail tool. She was never denied money from Parliament and was given multiple subsidies during the Spanish war.
            • Elizabeth was in control of parliament and was forced to remind them that she was their anointed queen who will never be by violence constrained to do anything
  • Problems.
    • 1. Key minsters and allies had died by this time- Dudley had died in 1588, walsington in 1590 and Burghley in 1598
    • 2. Robert Cecil lacked the skills that his father Lord Burghe had in managing finances and individuals
    • 3.Elizabeth's failure to marry and have an heir meant that it was uncertain as to who would succeed her.
    • 4.There was declining tax revenue because no attempt was made to revise the marian book of rates or revalue Parliamentary subsidies
  • Impacts
    • 1.Since Elizabeth was used to working with small, close, group, this caused reduction in the ability of government to operate effectively
    • 2. The government became divided into a pro- Robert Cecil group and pro- William Deveraux group
    • 3. Ministers became increasingly difficult to control as they tried to establish positions of authority and began to plan for a change in monarch
    • 4. Elizabeth had to resort to other sources of income such as higher taxes and the use of monopolies

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