- Created by: bilal_hx1
- Created on: 20-05-19 08:59
Who was Elizabeth?
- Daughter of king henry VIII and Anne Boleyn
- Became queen aged 25
- Main priority was to settle the nation and ensure England’s national security
- Never got married
- Queen Elizabeth had the upmost authority and rule. No one was on the same level
- She set an agenda of what parliament was allowed to discuss and pass laws about
- Parliament became more influential and was in conflict with Elizabeth over religion, marriage etc.
- England was divided by religion. Country was Roman Catholic for nearly 1000 years until henry VIII. In 20 years the countries religion changed 3 times causing tension and divisions
- Elizabeth changed religion to protestant but made a religious settlement which allowed some catholic traditions
- Parliament also helped by passing the act of supremacy and act of uniformity
- She faced threats and plots from Catholics and puritans.
- Catholics wanted Mary to be queen because they thought she was legitimate. People said Elizabeth was illegitimate because the pope didn’t allow henrys divorce
Economy and Society:
- Elizabethans believed god sent out an order and place for everything. The queen was at the top and controlled wealth and life chances
- Poverty was thought to be your own fault but with Elizabeth that changed because there was a shift in attitude sue to rise of poverty and poor laws
- Elizabeth’s reign was the ‘golden age’
Law and Order:
- She faced lots of challenges many from catholic plotters
- Elizabeth also plotted against them with the Northern Earls Rebellion, The Throckmorton Plot and The Babington Plot which helped secure England
- Elizabeth faced challenges from France and Spain during her reign. They were both more powerful, wealthier and catholic
- France were seen as the biggest threat in the start due to their link with Mary but civil was in France and Elizabeth’s sensible diplomacy minimised the risk
- Spain turned out to be biggest threat
- Tensions built between the 2 countries which eventually caused the Spanish armada 1588
- Spain failed to invade and that failure made Elizabeth’s image and status better
Strengths Elizabeth Brought:
· Elizabeth was popular and her reign was seen as a fresh start.
· She had English parents, Anne Boleyn and Henry VIII. This meant that she would be more likely to be free from overseas influences.
· She was single so she could have her choice of suitors rather than be controlled by a foreign husband.
· Elizabeth was a Protestant and was committed to re-establishing the Protestant Church in England. This would please some but not all.
Problems Elizabeth inherited:
· Elizabeth’s sister, Mary, had left debts of £250,000.
· Some feared a female ruler meant that England would continue to be seen as a…