Differences of religious opinions between Catholicism/ Protestantism during the 17th Century.

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  • Created by: Heather
  • Created on: 05-04-13 09:35
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  • Differences of religious opinions between Catholicism/ Protestantism during the 17th Century.
    • Martin Luther and the Protestant reformation
      • 95 thesis criticised corruption/ power of the Catholic institution
        • 1517 pinned to to the door of a German Cathederal
    • Churches stress humility, quiet contemplation
    • Emphasis on the word of God, rather than decoration which was seen as idolatrous/ distracting
    • The bible is the fuundamental christian text, other books undermined it's authority
    • Rejected the  hierachy of Catholic leaders
    • The importance of faith as a saving grace rather than priestly interference (confessing) or good works and church attendance
    • The counter Reformation and the Council of Trent
      • Campaign to reinforce authority/ restore unity of catholisism
        • The Council of Trent- 1545-1563
          • Organised by Pope Paul III, consisting of senior church bishops
            • Clear narratives, key moment of the action, emotional style of expression to move the worshiper, church as the gateway to heaven, ecstasies  martyrdoms and conversions.
      • New religious orders formed to tech/ do good works in communities
      • Creation of new saints, focus for spiritual renewal/ worship
    • Church membership is key to any possibility of eternal life
      • Architecture to tempt, pushing out into community space and illusional decoration.
    • The belief in Purgatory  lots of chapels paid for by individuals to reduce the waiting
    • Pope is the 'Vicar of christ', takes place of Jesus at head of the church

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