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AS British History- Pitt the younger
(1783-1806)
Why was Pitt appointed Prime Minister in December 1783?
· Consider the structure of late 18th century politics in Britain, especially the
power of the monarch at the time.
Ø Cabinets existed t deal with the Kings business, and their members were
appointed…

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· Pitt's own political skill and luck.
Ø The period of ministerial instability from March 1782 to February 1783 when the
Rockingham and Shelburne administrations followed each other quickly.
Ø Between March and November 1783 when George III schemed against the
Fox-North government, which he hated and regarded as a…

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Successful or unsuccessful?
Hovering Act (1780)
Ships could be searched 12 miles offshore, to stop smuggling.
Successful.
Commutation Act (1784)
This reduced the tax on tea in order to make the Black market less attractive. Also
reductions on Wine, spirits and tobacco.
Successful.
Eden Treaty (1786)
This made it cheaper…

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Ø Some say the Jacobean threat was not that great and they did not have much in
common with the French Revolutionaries. The British Jacobin had no structure or the
tactics necessary to a revolutionary threat.
Ø Opponents of the French revolution saw the London Correspondent society as
French Jacobins.…

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· 6 of the 13 were given to the Whigs.
Pitt resigned after wanting to pass Catholic Emancipation which George III did not
agree with he left in 1801. Brought back in 1804 and resigned again in 1806 due to ill
health.

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