Unit 1: Designated Protected Areas in the UK

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  • Designated Protected Areas in the UK
    • Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs) - Natural England
      • Areas of interest because of plants, animals, geological features or land forms
      • Not necessarily owned by government or organisation
      • Owners have an ideal management plan and activities are rewarded with grants
      • If no agreement is made or damage occurs site can be purchased by law
      • Activities on sites aren't banned but are controlled to reduce damage
      • Examples = Dee Estuary - Cheshire, Isle of Portland -Dorset, Exe Estuary - Devon
    • National Nature Reserves (NNRs) - Natural England
      • Protect and manage of the most important wildlife areas
      • Provides a resource of scientific research and recreation
      • Examples = Wern Moss - Shropshire, Hatfield Forest - Essex
    • Local Nature Reserves (LNRs)  - National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949
      • Owned and controlled by local authorities
      • Benefit the wildlife and public, protected from damaging activities
    • Marine Nature Reserves (MNRs) - Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981
      • Aims to conserve and provide study opportunities of marine wildlife
      • Examples = Lundy Island, Skomer Island
    • Special Protection Areas (SPAs) - Natural England
      • Protects and manages areas important for rare and vulnerable birds
      • Examples = The Solent, Exe Estuary, North Pennine Moors
    • Special Areas of Conservation (SACs) - EU Habitats Directive
      • Provide rare and vulnerable organisms and habitats with increase population management
      • Examples = Dartmoor, Dorset Heaths, Wimbledon Common


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