Deindustrialisation of Bristol

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  • Deindustrial-isation of Bristol
    • What is Deindustrial-isation?
      • The decline of a country's traditional manufacturing industry due to exhaustion of raw materials, loss of markets and competition from NEEs
    • Why did Bristol need redeveloping?
      • Bristol's docks went into near terminal decline
      • Competition with other larger docks such as Avon Mouth
      • Closure of several industries around the docks
      • Lots of social and economic inequalities and unemployment almost at 20% and more than 50% of children on free school meals
      • Several empty but listed buildings
    • The impact of deindustrial-isation on Bristol
      • In 2010 Imperial Tobacco closed its last factory in Bristol since it could  be produced cheaper in other countries
      • In 2011 the Cadbury plant in Bristol was closed by the US company Kraft which brought out the company in 2010
        • 400 jobs were lost when the factory closed. The chocolate is now being made in Poland and brought 1,200 miles to the UK
          • Effects environment through food milage
          • Loss of jobs has a negative social and economic effects
    • What was done to tackle deindustrial-isation?
      • Evaluation
        • Positives
          • Over 500 million of inward investment
          • Over 3000 new jobs
          • A mixed commercial environment
          • One of the best redevelop-ments in the UK
        • Negatives
          • Concerns as to how well it would do during a recession
          • Millennium is useless and does not improve traffic congestion
      • Redeveloped the harbour which encourages TSB to relocate there head quarters which prompts investment
        • Funded with private and public money including lottery money
        • The area is now one of the most redeveloped projects in Europe
      • The ** Great Britain was restored as part of the development to attract tourists
    • What effect did economic change have on Bristol
      • The change from a largely industrial based city with a large percentage of workers in the secondary sector to quaternary and tertiary has caused an increase in inequality
        • This is because many people who worked in industries will have lost their jobs and will have not been able to find new work
          • This causes inequality and a decline in quality of life for that segment of the population


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