Culture + Identity

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  • Created by: Anna1905
  • Created on: 09-06-18 18:29
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  • CULTURE + IDENTITY
    • Concepts of Culture
      • Theories
        • Functionalism= new cultures accepted in value consensus
        • Marxism= mass culture is RCI
        • Feminism= patriarchy- products aimed at men
        • Social Action= adopt cultures through interactions
        • PoMo= pick n mix culture
      • Types
        • High= elitist + intellectual
        • Popular= entertainment + easy
        • Mass= profit + dumbed down
        • Folk= authentic + passed down
        • Global= large corporations
        • Low= less educated
    • Sexuality
      • Essentialism- biologically determined
        • Social Construction
          • Stigmatisation- Stonewall
            • New IDs- mens bodies sexualised
    • Formation of identity
      • Mead
        • I vs Me
          • Play vs Game
      • Goffman
        • Impression management
          • Stage= presentation of self
      • Becker
        • Labelling
          • SFP
            • Master Status
      • Cooley
        • Looking glass self
          • Reflexive apparaisal
    • Disability
      • Shakespeare= social construction
      • Barnes= media stereotypes
      • Medical model= someone to be cured
        • Social model= society needs to adapt
      • Olney + Kim= more + about disability
    • Gender
      • Changes
        • Jackson= ladettes
          • Mac an Ghaill= crisis of masculinity
      • Socialisation
        • Family= Oakley-  Canalisation
        • Education= male teachers
        • Media= women sexualised
      • Male IDs
        • New man= more family based
          • Meterosexual= image
    • Socialisation process
      • Marxism
        • RCI and FCC
        • Superstructure and Infrastructure
        • Exploitation
      • Feminism
        • Canalisation and Manipulation- Oakley
        • Patriarchy
      • Functionalism
        • Social Mobility
        • Social Solidarity and social integration
        • Meritocracy
        • Organic Analogy- Compte
      • Social Action
        • Looking Glass Self- Cooley
        • Presentation of Self- Goffman
        • Labelling- Becker
        • Self Concept- Mead
        • SFP and master status
        • Vertehen
      • Post-Modernism
        • Globalisation- TTT
        • Social change and uncertaintiy
        • Metanarrative
    • Ethnicity
      • Asian IDs
        • Modood= defined by culture
          • Johal= brasian
            • Mizra= more hijabs to preserve tradition
      • Resistance
        • White mask
          • Sewell= bc boys stereotyped by media
            • Islamophobia
      • Diaspora
        • retain links to heritage
        • Dispersed ethnic population adopt new elements
    • Age
      • Old
        • Bradley- age always changes
          • Marsh + Keating= leisure
            • Laslett= third age
      • Young
        • subcultures
    • PLC
      • Production
        • Source of ID= Gini (how) + Parker (opp,pro,neu)
          • Lack of work= Riach + Loretto
            • Important= fulfils ID needs
              • PoMo= Bauman- no longer central to ID
      • Leisure + Consumption
        • PoMo= Lyotard (metas) + Bocock (central to ID)
          • Tourism= Urry (ID packaging) + Baudrillard (simulacra)
            • Media saturated= Strinati (pressures) + Bradley (IDs formed )
              • Shopping= Giddens (reflected on) + Bauman (do it yourself kits)
      • Alternative view
        • Occupation= Parker
          • Social Class= Bauman + May (resources unequally distributed)
            • Profit= Clarke + Critcher (commercialised industry)
              • Ethnicity= Asian women restricted to home
              • Gender= Deem (women + child care)
            • Age= young people more leisure centred
    • Nationality
      • Hall= symbols form ID
        • Hall= globalisation led to hybrid IDs
      • British ID= English, vote, values

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