Culture and Identity

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  • Culture and Identity
    • Class
      • Goffman: Master status and Stigmatised identity
      • High and Low Culture
      • Social construction
      • Family - ascribed status
      • Class conflict
    • Disability
      • SHAKESPEARE: social construction
      • Stigma
      • Expectations/stereotypes
      • Under-represented in media
    • Globalisation/ leisure
      • Postmodern perspective
      • MARXISM: Leisure controlled by ruling class: capitalism
      • Bauman: consumer relations onto relationships-divorce
      • Bauman: consumerism cannot change all identities: repressed consumers i.e lower class cannot access this
      • Male Gaze: female oppression and objectifying in media especially in consumer culture with advertising for beauty
    • Age
      • Stigmatised identity - Master status
      • Age of socialisation, age of child-bearing- age of independence - Lasslet
      • Stereotypes/expectations
      • Ageing population - ideas of age changing
      • Social construction - i.e 'middle ages'
      • Less important identity - changes always.
    • Nationality
      • Replaced religion
      • Civil religion
      • In decline due to multi-ethnic, and mainstream USA culture
      • Symbols like flags
      • Can be socialised - education (shakespeare), media (Queens speech)
    • Ethnicity
      • Ethnocentric
      • Hall: Diaspora
      • Black skin, white masks: black people adopt white mainstream culture due to racism Fannon
      • Sewell: Black masculinities:media socialise black-caribbean boys in macho, homophobic identities
    • Sexuality
      • Was illegal in Uk
        • Change in law; GAY MARRIAGE
      • Attitudes change amongst different cultures
      • Family, religion and media socialisation surround stigma towards homosexuals
      • Media presentation based on stereoypes
      • Discrimination/ homophobic


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