- Compare the ways the writers present paternal relationships in the texts you have studied.
- Annotate the title
- "Compare"- equally discuss the texts, don't favour one. Use the texts against each other.
- "writers"- possibly discuss narrative techniques.
- "paternal relationships"- not only biological fathers, but who they look up to as father figures, how the maternal relationships impact paternal relationships.
- Brainstorm the points in both texts.
- Strive to please fathers.
- Sense of an unrequited love- children love parents, parents don't love them.
- Fathers ultimately have their children's best interest at heart.
- Both Kambili and Amir replace their father figures with other characters- K with Aunty ifeoma, A with Rahim Kahn.
- Both children find freedom in the absence of their fathers.
- Line of argument/mission statement.
- The writers use paternal relationships to test and prepare the characters for later events that occur in the novels.
- The writers use the paternal relationships to show the importance of a father figure in a child's life, and the damage a lack of paternal guidance can cause.
- The writers use the paternal relationships in the novel to evoke sympathy for the main characters.
- The writers use the paternal relationships in the novel to bring to the foreground the cultural wrongdoings of societies who mistreat their children as the fathers in the novels do.
- Main points.
- The children in both Purple Hibiscus and Kite Runner have a constant desire to please their fathers and will go to any extent to make them proud.
- The fathers in both texts are incredibly oppressing and controlling, and the children in both Purple Hibiscus and Kite Runner find freedom in the absence of their fathers, and have the room to grow into more independent young adults.
- Both fathers in the texts treat their children in very unorthodox ways. They do not treat them with love and in some cases abuse them, but despite this, ultimately the fathers have their children's best interest at heart and only want what is best for them.
- "I sometimes felt Baba hated me a little"
- "coming to Peshawar was good for you, not good for me"
- Critical Points
- Baba is not there for Amir because he does't understand why Amir isn't exactly like him.
- A critic suggests that the reason Baba feels a lack of affection towards Baba is because he "killed his mother". Baba is always talking about theft being the ultimate crime and he drills this into Amir, "There is only one sin, only one, and that is theft. Every other sin is a variation of theft.", and he may be inferring that Amir committed the ultimate sin when he was born, by robbing Baba of a wife.
- Jacob Letwin suggested that the relationship between Sohrab and Hassan, "demonstrates the necessity of an empathetic father, because it shows life where a relationship between father and son can develop."
- A critic suggested that the relationship between Amir and Sohrab is presented to "emphasise the long lasting effects his father's parenting had on him."
- J. Roger Kurtz implies through his criticism of Purple Hibiscus Adiche's use of the family as a microcosm for society.
- Eugene represents a Nigerian military dictator and the members of his household represent innocent civilians living in fear and silence.
- "The military governments imprisonmentof the novel's heroic newspaper editor Ade Coker and his subsequent death invoke the memory of Ken Saro-Wiwa and other outspoken Nigerian journalists and writers."
- Ade Coker used the Standard to speak the truth and shed the light on the tyranny of the government in Nigeria in Purple Hibiscus. Subsequently he was killed. If the family are a microcosm of society, then this may be used to show that anyone who speaks up against Eugene in the household will consequentially suffer, as Jaja did when Papa cut his finger.
- Annotate the title
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