History Fascism & Church

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  • Created by: kit
  • Created on: 13-05-13 15:13
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  • Church
    • Rivalries origins
      • Risorgimento 1870 - removal of papal states/left only the vatican
      • Popolari party
      • hated left wing - liberal ideaas = threat to religion
        • said 'good' catholics would not vote
          • Risorgimento 1870 - removal of papal states/left only the vatican
    • Mussolini's view of catholics
      • means to an end
      • satisfying their demands would please 95% of pop
        • means to an end
      • Woo-ing catholics = win support/ lessen threat  of opposition
        • satisfying their demands would please 95% of pop
        • Mussolini was an atheist
      • 1929 - Lateran accords
        • Mussolini supported church
          • compulsory RE
        • church supported fascism - pope withdrew Popolari support
          • Mussolini supported church
            • compulsory RE
          • Pope praises Fascism - huge influence
        • ended 60 year dispute - made mussolini look diplomatic/mediator
        • church now subordinate
          • removal of  popolari
          • no  clergy in political parties
            • removal of  popolari
      • Foreign Policy
        • church supports intervention in Spanish civil war & Abyssinia {1930s}
          • 'Christian Crusades'
      • Poor relationship
        • Moral rivals - Church theoretically against war
        • Fascism = lesser of 2 evils
        • Nazification -1938 - Anti-semitism
          • 'spiritually we are all jews'
        • anti fascism portrayed through - {1}vatican radio  {2}Catholic youth action
          • Catholic youth action rivaled the fascists -- open dispute

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