Charles and relations between Crown and Parliament by 1629

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  • Charles I and the state of relations between Crown and Parliament by 1629
    • Early relations
      • 1625 and 1626 Parliaments were dominated by attacks on Buckingham, debates over the funding of wars, disputes over Charles' rights to collect certain taxes.
      • Forced Loan. Faced opposition in the Five Knight's Case.
      • La Rochelle. Buckingham failed to support a Protestant rebellion in France. The recruits sent to France were of poor quality and lacked basic supplies. Around half died.
    • 1628 Parliament
      • Parliament insisted their grievances were heard before the granted taxes.
      • Parliament wanted to impeach Buckingham. So parliament was dissolved again.
    • Petition of Right
      • Eliot, Coke, Wentworth,and Seldon
      • There should be no more imprisonment without trial. There should be no taxation without parliamentary consent. Citizens should not be asked to pay forced loans. The forced billeting of soldiers should not be allowed. There should be no martial law.
      • Charles agreed but believed he could continue ruling as he wanted to without repercussions.
    • The State of Relations by 1629
      • Buckingham was assassinated and Charles blames parliaments negative portrayal of him.
      • Parliament criticised Charles' methods of collecting money and his arminian religion.
        • Three Resolution: A denouncement of Charles' arminian advisors. A statement saying that tonnage and poundage was unacceptable. Those who paid it were enemies.
          • Charles ordered parliament to be adjourned before the resolutions could be read. A group of MPs held the Speaker in the chair until the Resolutions had been passed.
            • Parliament was formally dissolved. Eliot and 8 of his allies were arrested and imprisoned.Personal Rule began.

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