Chapter 9 and 10 practice question (Tacitus)

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  • Created on: 31-01-22 11:53
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  • Sustaining reader's interest - Tacitus C9-10
    • C9 - ac si modum orationi posuisset ... impleverat
      • And if he had set a limit to his speech, he had filled
        • conditional - puts doubt in readers minds
        • sibilance - disapproval of long speech, should've been shorter
        • pluperfect indicative - exaggeration, presenting what could have happened as fact
    • C9 - ut ferme amat posterior adulatio
      • as flattery afterwards usually loves to do
        • authorial comment - undermines sincerity, the funeral was just a show
        • 'flattery' delayed - emphasis, that's the real reason for the added honours
    • C10 - rumorem, validum adeo ut noudum exolescat:
      • a rumour ... strong to such an extent that not yet is it extinct
        • rumour used to entertain, and Tacitus open about evidence
        • rumour still alive 100 years later - some truth in it
    • C10 - corrupta ad scelus Livia Seianum Lygdi quoque spadonis animum stupro vinxisse
      • with Livia having been corrupted into crime it is said Sejanus to have bound by depravity the mind also of Lygdus, a ******
        • 'crime' promoted - close to Sejanus for negative association
        • Sejanus' name in middle - shows his control over many people
        • sibilance - sinister, negative sound to emphasise Sejanus as evil
        • 'mind' - deep rooted corruption from Sejanus
        • continues to blacken character of Sejanus
    • C 10 - ea fraude captum senem, postquam convivium inierat ... illo ignaro et inveniliter
      • the old man, deceived by this trick, after he had started on the banquet ... with him being unaware and youthfully
        • promoted - Tiberius tricked, didn't know what going on
        • 'old man' - not use Tiberius' name - weakness
        • indicative not subjunctive - 'live' reporting, actually happened, question if it is rumour
        • ablative - not in control, doesn't know any better
        • 'senem' and 'iuveniliter' - contrast - one old, one young
    • C10 - metu et pudore ... patri struxerat
      • from fear ... he had set up for his father
        • strong Roman term - sympathy, didn't know what else to do
        • nefarious verb - accusing him even though told as rumour, question if is still rumour


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