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LATIN
BOUDICA'S REBELLION #1
IUGLANTES VITAI
FERIMUS
rex Icenorum Prasutagus, divitiis diu clarus, Caesarem heredem duasque filias
scripserat, tali obsequio ratus et regnum et domum suam procul iniuria futuram
esse.
How had Prasutagus become rex Icenorum?
The previous king had been killed and Prasutagus had been made a `client
king' by the Romans. `Client king' means that he is treated very well by
the Romans and allowed a great deal of independence, provided he
behaves!
Why had he made the emperor his heir?
He hoped that by this submissiveness (obsequio) he
would be able to keep his daughters (who got half the
inheritance) and his household (domus) safe from
interference and also ensure that his kingdom (regnum)
would not be interfered with or broken up.…read more

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LATIN
BOUDICA'S REBELLION #1a
IUGLANTES VITAI
FERIMUS
rex Icenorum Prasutagus, divitiis diu clarus, Caesarem heredem duasque filias
scripserat, tali obsequio ratus et regnum et domum suam procul iniuria futuram
esse.
What does Tacitus mean by tali obsequio?
He is referring to the fact that Prasutagus gave the emperor half his
inheritance; Prasutagus is demonstrating his submissiveness (obsequium)
to the Roman system.
Tacitus uses the phrase procul iniuria;
how does the phrase foreshadow what is
going to happen?
procul iniuria ­ `far from injury'. The
injury did happen: his daughters were
raped, and both his kingdom and his
house were laid waste by the Romans.…read more

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LATIN
BOUDICA'S REBELLION #2
IUGLANTES VITAI
FERIMUS
quod contra vertit, adeo ut regnum a centurionibus, domus a servis velut capta
vastarentur.
Pick out and translate the words Tacitus uses to express how awful the
behaviour of the Romans was.
capta ­ `captured'; vastarentur ­ `devastated'.
Comment on Tacitus' choice of centurionibus and servis.
He is talking about what happened to Prasutagus'
kingdom and household. It was bad enough that they
were devastated; what made it even worse was that the
devastation of the kingdom was not done by high ranking
officers or the governor of the province but by middle
ranking, "non commissioned officers" and the devastation
of the royal household was done not by soldiers, as you
might expect in a war, but by the "lowest of the low" ­
Face on the end of a torc
slaves. It was almost an insult to the memory of ( a neck bracelet) found
at Snettisham.
Prasutagus.…read more

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LATIN
BOUDICA'S REBELLION #3
IUGLANTES VITAI
FERIMUS
iam primum uxor eius Boudica verberata et filiae stupro violatae sunt: principes omnes
Icenorum, quasi Romani totam regionem muneri accepissent, avitis bonis exuuntur, et
propinqui regis inter servos habebantur.
Summarise the four ways in which the Romans mistreated
the Iceni.
· They beat Prasutagus' wife.
· They raped his daughters.
· They deprived the Icenian chiefs of their ancestral lands.
· They treated the relatives of the king as if they were
slaves.
Comment on Tacitus' use of the phrase inter servos.
the juxtaposition of regis and servos emphasises how degrading was the
treatment; from being the highest they become the lowest.…read more

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LATIN
BOUDICA'S REBELLION #3a
IUGLANTES VITAI
FERIMUS
iam primum uxor eius Boudica verberata et filiae stupro violatae sunt: principes omnes
Icenorum, quasi Romani totam regionem muneri accepissent, avitis bonis exuuntur, et
propinqui regis inter servos habebantur.
Why might the Romans have believed they had received the
whole area as a gift (muneri accepissent)?
Because they, or their emperor, had been left half of it in
Prasutagus' will; also they were the victors and perhaps
arrogant.
What were the consequences of the Roman behaviour?
The Iceni took up arms; other tribes also tried by rebellion
to recover their freedom. They attacked and burned
Colchester, then moved on to London and St Albans and
did the same.…read more

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