CHAPTER 10 - PSC

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  • Created on: 02-04-19 20:15
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  • Chapter 10 - Interest Groups and Lobbying
    • Interest Groups
      • e.g NRA, corps, labour unions.
      • Membership, companies, legislative liaison, associations and organizations
      • Functions: influence policy, agenda setting, monitor gov activity, give info
      • Private interest groups seek particularized benefits from gov. Public is to promote public goods to help a majority.
      • Influence elections by supporting candidates and influence policy by giving them voting cues.
      • Covered by 1st Amendment, campaign money FEC
    • Lobbyists
      • Lobbying Disclosure Act requires the registration of lobbyists that devout more than 20% of their time.
      • Methods, inside and outsider.
      • Regulation: Lobbying disclosure act, honest leadership, revolving door laws, penalties.
    • Collective Action Problem
      • Group's goals best achieved by working together but individual needs best served by free-riding.
      • To counter interest groups use material, solidary and purposive incentives.
        • Interest groups offer individuals political participation through protests, voting, campaigning, contacting lawmakers and informing the public.
        • Joining interest groups helps boost civic engagement. GRASSROOT AND ASTROTURF
      • Disturbance theory explains why groups will mobilize due to an event.
    • Trends & Represen-tation
      • New interests in society, devolution of power, specialization of interests, fragmentation, size of the eco.
      • Barries like socioeconomic, wealth, ed.
        • Larger groups have higher participation, poor have time constraints, lack of political knowledge and low levels of efficacy.
        • Iron triangle and issue networks

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