CHAPTER 9 - PSC

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  • Created on: 02-04-19 17:55
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  • Chapter 9 - Political Parties
    • How they form
      • Always two dominant groups/factions, Federalists and Anti-Federalists.
        • Federalists and Democratic-Republicans. (Jefferson). Federalist party collapsed and dem-reps split.
          • Formation of the democratic party important shift, leaders of political machines (organizations that secured votes)
      • 3rd parties, 1892 populist, 1912 progressive.
    • Election rules and the 2-party system
      • Winner take all based on popularity voting. Duverger's law.
        • Possibly changed with majoritarian voting where a candidate wins only if they get the support of the majority.
          • Or proportional representation where voters pick their preferred party and allow the party to select the individual. (Greenback currency)
      • Adv of the 2-party is simple, stable and a clear winner.
      • Dis is slow to change, restricts voter choice, discourages coalition, polarization
    • PARTY IN
      • The electorate, members of the voting public who are party identifiers.
      • Gov, want to achieve policy, majority and minority party.
      • As organization, formal structure of the party, (national = congress, lowest = precinct, workhorse = county, state = senate and reps)
    • Problem of Divided Gov
      • Majority V minority occurs when one or more houses of the legislative are controlled by the party in opposition to the executive. Threat to party loyalty.
      • Muted by bipartisanship
    • Polarization
      • Means there are fewer members of congress with mixed voting records, either become independent or only participate in gen election.
        • Causes, party-in-gov phenomenon, technology, gerry-mandering

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