AQA Psychology Unit 1 Behaviourist Approach

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  • Created by: chapa
  • Created on: 21-05-13 12:25
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  • Behaviourism
    • Assumptions
      • All behaviour is learnt from the environment
        • Extreme nurture
        • Born in "blank state"
          • Deterministic
      • Behaviour is learnt through stimulus response association
        • or as a result of reinforcement
      • Psychology is scientific and should be objective
      • Study of observable behaviour
        • Internal mental processes can't be directly observed
          • Against cognitive view
      • Valid to generalise from animal behaviour
    • Evaluation
      • Strengths
        • Scientific
          • Enhances credibility of psychology as a scientific discipline
        • Has practical applications
          • Treatment of phobias
          • Rewarding in education
        • Strong view fro nutrue side of debate
          • Evidence for environment impacting out behaviour
      • Weaknesses
        • Against cognitive view
        • Views humans as passive learners at the mercy of the environment
          • Humans can't influence or control their own development
          • Deterministic
        • Hard to generalise from animal behaviour
          • we are more complex than animals
        • Ignores other factors that influence behavious
          • eg Mental processes
    • Conditioning
      • Operant
        • Learning new behaviours through consequences of the past
          • Reinforcement
            • A consequence that strengthens behaviour
              • Repitition of behavious is more likely
          • Punishment
            • A consequence that weakens behaviour
              • Repitition of behaviour is less likely
        • Skinner
          • Rats pulling a lever
            • Reward = food
      • Classical
        • Learning through association of stimuli
        • Existing stimulus response
          • UCS  -> UCR
            • UCS+CS -> UCR
              • CS -> CR
        • Pavlov's dogs
          • Food(UCS) , bell(CS) and salivating(CR)
  • UCS  -> UCR
    • UCS+CS -> UCR
      • CS -> CR
  • Research
    • Behaviourism
      • Assumptions
        • All behaviour is learnt from the environment
          • Extreme nurture
          • Born in "blank state"
            • Deterministic
        • Behaviour is learnt through stimulus response association
          • or as a result of reinforcement
        • Psychology is scientific and should be objective
        • Study of observable behaviour
          • Internal mental processes can't be directly observed
          • Valid to generalise from animal behaviour
        • Evaluation
          • Strengths
            • Scientific
              • Enhances credibility of psychology as a scientific discipline
            • Has practical applications
              • Treatment of phobias
              • Rewarding in education
            • Strong view fro nutrue side of debate
              • Evidence for environment impacting out behaviour
          • Weaknesses
            • Views humans as passive learners at the mercy of the environment
              • Humans can't influence or control their own development
              • Deterministic
            • Hard to generalise from animal behaviour
              • we are more complex than animals
            • Ignores other factors that influence behavious
              • eg Mental processes
        • Conditioning
          • Operant
            • Learning new behaviours through consequences of the past
              • Reinforcement
                • A consequence that strengthens behaviour
                  • Repitition of behavious is more likely
              • Punishment
                • A consequence that weakens behaviour
                  • Repitition of behaviour is less likely
            • Skinner
              • Rats pulling a lever
                • Reward = food
          • Classical
            • Learning through association of stimuli
            • Existing stimulus response
              • Pavlov's dogs
                • Food(UCS) , bell(CS) and salivating(CR)
        • Quantitative
      • Experiments
        • Objective
        • Research
          • Quantitative
        • Skinner
        • Pavlov
        • Watson and Rayner(1920)

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