Bebop Jazz

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  • Bebop
    • Harmony/ Tonality
      • Chord substitutions
      • Chromaticism
      • Chord extensions
      • 'Flatted 5th'
    • Timbres
      • Return to smaller ensembles
      • Trumpet
      • Saxophone
      • Double bass
      • Drumkit
        • Bombs/ rimshots/ higher tunes skins/ changing kits/ swing rhythm on ride cymbal
      • Piano
      • Percussion more prominent
      • Walking bass
    • Melody/ Techniques
      • Improvisation based on upper chord notes e.g. 11th/ 13th etc.
      • Virtuosic solos
      • Complex
      • Angular
      • Wide ranges on instruments
      • Irregular phrasing
      • Based on pre-existing material
    • Texture
      • Group interaction
      • Some sections of unison
    • Example -  Ko-Ko Charlie Parker 1945
      • Alto saxophone/ piano/ bass/ drumkit
    • Structure
      • 12 bar blues
      • 21 bar song form
      • Some sections pre-arranged
    • Rhythm
      • Much faster
      • Swing rhythm on ride cymbal
      • Syncopation
      • Unpredicatable off-beats
        • Bombs

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