The History of Jazz Part 2

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  • The History of Jazz
    • New York (1920 - 1930)
      • Larger ensembles
      • Emphasis on solo improvisation, not group polyphony
      • Saxophone eventually replace clarinet
      • Chords substituted
      • Black and Tan Fantasy
      • Duke Ellington
      • Mood Indigo
    • Swing (1930 - 1940)
      • 16 or 18 players
      • Clear divide between brass and wind
        • Entertainment music
          • Popular song melodies and harmonies. People danced
        • Full Kit
      • Antiphonal exchange between brass and woodwind
      • Composed parts limited - opportunity for improv.
      • Fill big halls therefore more players
        • Stompin' at the Savoy (Benny Goodman)
      • Swing rhythms - ride cymbal
        • American Patrol (Glenn Miller)
    • Bebop (1940 -1950
      • Reaction against Swing
      • All improv.
      • 3 or 4 players
      • Virtuosity
      • Complex harmonies and melodies
      • Shaw Nuff'
      • KoKo

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