Background of Ireland

  • Created by: shounnara
  • Created on: 14-03-18 12:24
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  • Background Of Ireland
    • Policies of Ireland
      • Wentworth
        • 3 Goals for Ireland
          • Impose authority of the English Crown
          • Impose religious uniformity, in laudian style on the Irish Church
          • Make Ireland profitable for the crown
        • He was promoted to role of Lord Deputy of Ireland.
          • Role was to bring royal authority to bear on the whole of Irish society.
      • Impact of Thorough
        • Supporters say- Impose political authority on the Irish council
          • Issue- Deploymemnt of trusted advisors, rutheless suppression of Critics
            • Critics say- political elites found thier influence reduced, destabilised the balance that fational politics brought to Ireland to unite all the partied against the crown
        • Supporters say- Impose Laudianism on the Irish Church
          • Issue-New Irish court of high commission established to enforce Laudianism
            • Critics say- Landowners, mainly New English benefittedfrom the change in land ownership brought about by reformation
        • Supportes say- Restore Ireland to profitability and make it contribute to the English Crown
          • Issue- The book of rates was re-issued so that crown income from customs doubled.
            • Critics say- impacted on merchants and traders who had to pay significantly more in customs
      • Plantations- Mainly English Puritans and   Presbyterian Scottish
        • Deliberately settled in London to extend royal influence
      • The Graces
        • Agreement between English and Irish Catholics
          • Parliament would grant three subsidies of £120,00 and in return:
            • Recusancy fines would not be collected
            • Guarantee of land titles over 60 years old
            • Relaxation of requirement of Catholics in public office to take the oath of supremacy
      • The Irish Rebellion
        • Constitutional Reforms
          • Wentworth called to England-created a vacuum in Irish Government. Wanted to achieve a constitutional reform that would give similar settlement that was achieved by the Scots but with a strong Catholics flavour.
        • Vengeance
          • Catholics families had been evicted by Plantation who decided to take revenge and rose up given military muscle by the soldiers returning from the 30 years war.
        • Significance- Radicalised the Long Parliament, fear of Catholicism
          • News from Ireland created profound anxiety in Westminster
            • Parliament wanted to send army to Ireland to squash the violence
    • Pale
      • The pale was when parts of Ireland was under control of the Englsih Government
    • Impact of Thorough
      • Supporters say- Impose political authority on the Irish council
        • Issue- Deploymemnt of trusted advisors, rutheless suppression of Critics
          • Critics say- political elites found thier influence reduced, destabilised the balance that fational politics brought to Ireland to unite all the partied against the crown
      • Supporters say- Impose Laudianism on the Irish Church
        • Issue-New Irish court of high commission established to enforce Laudianism
          • Critics say- Landowners, mainly New English benefittedfrom the change in land ownership brought about by reformation
      • Supportes say- Restore Ireland to profitability and make it contribute to the English Crown
        • Issue- The book of rates was re-issued so that crown income from customs doubled.
          • Critics say- impacted on merchants and traders who had to pay significantly more in customs
    • English perspective of Ireland
      • Opposition to the King's Personal Rule was becoming more visible and sustained
        • The Hampdens ship money case
        • Trail and punishment of Prynne, Bastwick and burton
        • King's circle of advisors started shrinking

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