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  • Created by: amy_mair
  • Created on: 19-06-16 19:31
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  • B7.2
    • Exercise and Fitness
      • How does Exercise improve Fitness?
        • Being fit is a measure of how well you can do physical activity
        • Exercise increases fitness, and it is most effective when it is done in a structured way by following a regime
      • Information needed
        • Health Problems
        • Current Medication
        • Previous Fitness treatments
        • Other lifestyle factors
        • Family medical history
        • Physical Activity
      • Heart Rate and Blood Pressure
        • 1. When you are not exercising your heart rate and blood pressure are said to be at resting level
        • 2. During your blood pressure and heart rate increases
        • 3. When you stop exercising your blood pressure and heart rate return to their resting levels. The time it takes for this to happen is the recovery period
        • 4. The fitter you are the shorter your recovery period
      • How to measure fitness
        • 1. Your body mass index is based on your mass and height. It can be used as an indicator of your fitness BMI = Body Mass / Height^2
        • 2. BMI is not always the most accurate indicator of fitness
        • An alternative method is proportion of body fat. As your fitness increases your percentage lowers
        • 4. You can measure your fitness during an exercise regime to see if your improving. Any assessment of progress always depends on the accuracy and repeatabilility of the monitoring procedures
          • Accuracy: The results should be close to what is actually happening as possible
          • Repeatability: The procedure should give reliable results
    • Injury
      • Examples
        • Sprains: Damage to a ligament
        • Dislocations: Bone comes out of socket
        • Torn Ligament
        • Torn Tendons: muscle tears it occurs when a muscle contracts in one direction
      • How to treat sprains
        • RICE
        • Rest: To avoid any further damage
        • Ice: To help reduce swelling
        • Compression: A firm bandage is placed around the injured part to help reduce swelling and prevent further damage
        • Elevation: Raising an injured limb to reduce swelling
      • Physio- Therapy
        • 1. Standing up and tensing the muscles without moving the knee
        • To reduce pain and swelling and to speed up healing
        • 2. Sitting with the lower leg handing loose, then slowly raising and lowering the leg
        • 3. Stepping up and down, onto and off of a box


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