10.1. The Breakdown of the Personal Rule of Charles I, c. 1629-1640 II

  • Created by: Alasdair
  • Created on: 27-05-19 19:17
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  • 10.1. The Breakdown of the Personal Rule of Charles I, c. 1629-1640 II
    • 7. Famous Flashpoints of the 1630s
      • Henry Sherfield (iconoclasm and church authority)
      • Bishop Piers and church-ales in Somerset
      • The prosecution of Burton, Bastwick and Prynne
    • 8. Henry Sherfield and controversy over images in church
      • Sherfield, a town official in Salisbury, smashes medieval stained glass when he claims to see people worshiping it
      • An example of iconoclasm
        • seems perhaps more threatening
      • An example of a prominent lay person acting in the religious sphere, without consulting the appropriate religious authorities
    • 9. William Piers, bishop of Bath and Wells: The Defence of church ales in Somerset
      • The Laudian bishop, WIllam Piers emphasised the decency, orderliness, value and antiquity of the parish feasts (even if pre-Reformation in origin)
      • A response to attacks by puritan Justices of the Peace
      • A defence of traditional customs and emphasis on social harmony
    • 10. The Prosecution of Burton, Bastwick and Prynne
      • In 1637, three authors of anti-episcopal pamphlets were sentenced in the king's special court of Star Chamber to have their ears cropped and to remain in perpetual imprisonment
        • The three were:
          • Henry Burton (puritan clergyman)
            • attacked Book of Sports and brought together a series of punishments for people who had profaned the Sabbath in this way
          • Dr John Bastwick (a physician)
          • William Prynne (a lawyer)
            • had his ears cropped for criticising theatre (suggesting actors were seeing Prostitutes)
              • Henrietta Maria
        • Wanted to attack bishops, not King, but still in a precarious position
    • 10. Some reflections on flashpoints
      • These demonstrate
        • Strong defence of episcopacy (and therefore of royal authority)
        • Clampdown on over-mighty lay people
      • However, many of these tensions are PR disasters, especially the prosecution of Burton, Bastwick and Prynne, which provided the puritan a cause with martyrs
    • 11. Breakdown of the Personal Rule - Scottish triggers
      • Charles I imposes Prayer Book in 1637
        • riots St Giles' Cathedral, Edinburgh when first used
      • Scots abolish bishops and bring back Presbyterianism
      • War with Scots forces Charles to call Short Parliament (1640) the first in over a decade
    • 12. Religious issues and Short parliament
      • Short Parliament
        • Convocation passes the Canons of 1640 (with Laudian focus)
      • Some MPs (e.g.) Sir Benjamin Rudyerd) complain that Laudianism has effectively pushed them out of their own church and now all who question Laudian changes are labelled 'puritan' and/or seen as seditious

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