9.1. Laudianism and the Caroline Church II

  • Created by: Alasdair
  • Created on: 27-05-19 16:48
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  • 9.1. Laudianism and the Caroline Church II
    • 10. Preaching and Lay Activism
      • Restraint of Preaching (1629):
        • Sunday sermons to be turned into catechizing sessions (a means of regulating sermons against church and state)
      • Feoffees for Impropriations:
        • Crown disbands this group of lay activists in 1633
        • The Feoffees were a group of wealthy puritan laymen that systematically helped to plant puritan ministers in parishes by purchasing rights of appointment
    • 11. Attempts to restore church wealth and status
    • 12. Laudian views of Church of England
      • A different view of the 'Protestant nation'
        • the reformation of the English church was actually complete under Elizabeth, so now only threatened by puritans
      • Everyone's participation in the same rites and ceremonies of the national church is the cornerstone of unity
    • 13. Key characteristics of Laudianism
      • Emphasis on unity, but imposition of uniformity in all aspects of the Church needed to create it
      • Although Laudians believe in unity, its practices are consciously divisive
      • Anti-puritanism
        • belief in a popular, puritan conspiracy to undermine the Church and State
    • 14. Popularity and Unpopularity of Laudianism
      • Mixed attitudes?
      • Potentially popular:
        • embellishing local churches, support for church festivals (e.g. church ales), relaxing Sabbath regulation, mocking puritans
      • Potentially unpopular
        • Fear that Laudianism encouraging Catholicism via the backdoor
          • e.g. church decorations, railings in altars
        • extensive intervention in localities
        • emphasis on status of clergy (and bishops)
        • puritans lament failure to maintain attacks on idolatry, and by lack of emphasis on preaching
    • 15. Reactions to Laudianism by 1640
      • Moderate puritans
        • previously kept in church under James I, increasingly radicalised
      • Non-puritans
        • associate Laudianism with unpopular and more authoritarian policies of Charles I

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