WW1 - British Offensives 1917

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Who seized the strong point of Vimy Ridge?
The Canadians in April 1917
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What did Haig want to achieve by attacking at Ypres?
Push the Germans off the ridge and threaten their control of the railway junction at Roulers, combined with an amphibious landing behind the Germans on the coast, submarine bases could be captured, affecting the German tactic of starving Britain out
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How was the Messines Ridge captured June 1917?
Massive artillery bombardment involving 3.5m shells followed by the exploding of 19 mines planted under the German lines through secret tunnelling
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How many men did the BEF number by October 1917?
3.9 million men
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How many tanks and artillery pieces were used?
200 tanks and 2000 artillery pieces
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How many miles advance did the first day lead to?
2.5 miles
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Why did Britain struggle to advance further?
Poor weather and poor drainage turned the battlefield into 'a muddy hell', the men were scared of drowning in flooded shell holes
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When was Passchendaele captured?
December 1917
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How many casualties were there at Passchendaele?
Roughly 260,000 to each side
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How far did the British advance?
7 miles in 4 months
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When was theBattle of Cambrai?
November 1917
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How many guns and tanks were used?
1,003 guns began firing at 6.20am as 476 tanks rolled forward
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How far was the advance?
5 miles
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Why was it not entirely successful?
Failure to follow up attacks effectively, German defense countered with storm troopers, hurricane bombardment and aircraft
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Success of Passcendaele?
260,000 German casualties, captured Passchendaele, advance of 7miles, improved tactics
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Failure of Passcendaele?
260,000 BEF casualties, no breakthrough achieved, no mutinies as hoped for, lowered morale, anger at Haig 'failing to know when he's beaten'
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What did Haig want to achieve by attacking at Ypres?

Back

Push the Germans off the ridge and threaten their control of the railway junction at Roulers, combined with an amphibious landing behind the Germans on the coast, submarine bases could be captured, affecting the German tactic of starving Britain out

Card 3

Front

How was the Messines Ridge captured June 1917?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How many men did the BEF number by October 1917?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How many tanks and artillery pieces were used?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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