China 1900-1949 Timeline

Qing Dynasty
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1st Opium war- Britain attacks China, ends with a forced treaty of Naking on China, resulting in 50 treaty ports and concessions subject to UK, France, Germany and the USA
2 of 54
2nd Opium War
3 of 54
France take over Indo-China
4 of 54
Japan take over Korea
5 of 54
100 days- Reform of civil service and education
6 of 54
Boxer Rebellion- Foreigners murdered, Cixi forced to pay foreign government $450 million
7 of 54
Emperor Guangxu dies two days before Empress Cixi, three year old Puyi became Emperor. Prince regant Chun dismisses Yuan Shikai due to his limp
November 1908
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Double Tenth- Rebellion influenced by the railways and the GDM starts, troops turn mutinous and refuse to crush it.
10 October 1911
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Majority of provinces declare there independence, Yuan does a deal with the Qing to crush the revolutionarys.
Late November 1911
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Sun Yat Sun declared president
1 January 1912
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Yuan Shikai persuaded Yat-Sen to give up power in return for a workable government, he persuaded the Qing to give power to him. He declared himself PRESIDENT
12 February 1912
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Yuan took out an $100 million international loan, giving Tibet to the UK another loss of Chinese independance
13 of 54
GMD tried to organised a second revelation,failing Sun Yat-Sun fled to Japan (again)
14 of 54
World War One breaks out with Japan on the allies side from the start.
15 of 54
Japan sends Yuan Shikai 21 Demands, demanding more power for Japan.
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National Humiliation Day. Yuan signs, revolt follow
7 May 1915
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Yuan declares himself Emperor of China, Yunan and other provinces declare their independence.
12 December 1915
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Drops his Emperor title
March 1916
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Dies aged 56
June 1916
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China joins with allies in World War One. 150,000 Chinese are sent to build trenches and other menial tasks but are mistreated.
21 of 54
Zhang Xun sizes Beijing, tries to restore Puyi but fails
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Treaty of Versailles give German provinces to Japan ignoring China's help in WW1. This causes huge outrage and revolts
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4th May Movement begins violent protests at outcome of Versailles
4 May 1919
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CCP set up some-when, somewhere
25 of 54
GMD first direct contact with the Russian Comintern
26 of 54
Founding of the Whampoa Military Academy
27 of 54
United Front, Comintern helps set up coalision between the two parties
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30th May Incident, Due to Chinese death from Japanese and British hands large scale anti-foreigners revolts start.
30 May 1925
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Sun Yat-Sen Death
30 of 54
The United Front act against the Warlords- Northern expedition
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The White Terror, more than 5000 communists are murdered.
32 of 54
Autumn Harvest Rising, CCP tries to rebel against the GMD yet fails
August-September 1927
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Nationalist China under the leadership of Chiang Kaishek and the GMD
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The Jiangxi Soviet, the CCP members who fled the White Terror
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GMD encirclement campaign, GMD and the NATIONAL REVOLUTIONARY ARMY of the GUOMINDANG (NRA) continues to attack the CCP and the PEOPLES LIBERATION ARMY (PLA)
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The Futian Incident, Mao kills 3000 of those he thinks oppose him.
37 of 54
Japan occupy Manchuria
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The Long March, Mao moves the soviet away from the attacks from GMD (NRA)
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CCP set up soviet at Yanan
40 of 54
The Sino-Japanese war (first part) China offers little resistance to Japan
41 of 54
The **** of Nanjing
42 of 54
100 Regiments Offensive, CCP (PLA) and GMD (NRA) join forces to fight Japan
43 of 54
The Sino-Japanese war (second part) China allied with USA in the Second World War
44 of 54
Rectification of Conduct, Mao either kills or uses his charm to persuade people to see him as The One Leader. 1000 are murdered
45 of 54
Comintern dissolved
46 of 54
Japan surrenders
August 1945
47 of 54
The Chinese Civil War, GMD (NRA) vs CCP (PLA)
48 of 54
Battle for Manchuria, winner takes it all (china that is) if Chiang won it would destroy the CCP
49 of 54
Liaoshen campaign, Mao attacking the main GMD (NRA) bases. CCP (PLA) won Manchuria
September-November 1948
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Huaihai campaign, after losing Manchuria, Chiang tries to defend the provinces in between the Yellow and the Yangzi Rivers. He loses to Mao and the CCP (PLA).
November 1948- January 1949
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Pingjin Campaign, the CCP (PLA) success in Huaihai they take the major cites eg Beijing
November 1948-January 1949
52 of 54
Fall of Nanjing and Shanghai
April-May 1949
53 of 54
Mao declares the creation of the PEOPLE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
1 October 1949
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


1st Opium war- Britain attacks China, ends with a forced treaty of Naking on China, resulting in 50 treaty ports and concessions subject to UK, France, Germany and the USA



Card 3


2nd Opium War


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


France take over Indo-China


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


Japan take over Korea


Preview of the front of card 5
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