Wildlife Conservation

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Biomimetics
the study of living organisms so the knowledge gained can be applied to engineering or technological developments
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Flagship species
Most appealing species that can be used to highlight conservation campaigns.If the flagship species are successfully protected then the others that share their environment may also be protected
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Physiology
The study of the function of living things
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Teratology
the study of the causes of birth defects
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Indigenous species
species that are native to the area
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Perennials
a plant that grows year after year so removes the need to buy new seeds annually, ploughing and cultivation
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Subsistence farming
self-sufficient farming - farmers grow enough food to feed themselves and their families
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Gene pool
the total number of different genes in all of the individuals in a population
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Recessive gene
Only shows if the individual has both copies of the recessive gene
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Inbreeding
breeding from closely related animals
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Vavilov Centre
areas of the world with especially large numbers of plant species of economic importance and where these populations had great genetic diversity.
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Detritivores
break up dead organic matter
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Decomposers
release enzymes which break down the broken up DOM
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Endangered species
As their numbers are low they are in danger of becoming extinct
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Mollusc
soft unsegmented body and some have a shell, e.g. snails, slugs, mussels, octopusses
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Niche
the role a species plays in its habitat, which includes how it makes use of resources and responds to the other species in its habitat
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SSSIs
Sites of Special Scientific Interest
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NNRs
National Nature Reserves
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SPAs
Special Protection Areas
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SACs
Special Areas of Conservation
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MNRs
Marine Nature Reserves
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Ramsar Sites
A wetland site designated to protect its biodiversity
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Hybrid
A mix of 2 animals or plants of different species, e.g. Zorse, horse and zebra
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Viability
Ability to live
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Cryopreservation
The preservation of eggs, sperm and embryos by freezing them
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Artificial Insemination
Semen is collected from a chosen male and is inserted artificially into the chosen female to cause her to become pregnant
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Embryo transfer
The transfer of fertilised eggs/embryos from a female of a rare species into females of closely related more common species.
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Micro-propogation
A tissue culture method where large numbers of plants can be produced from a tissue sample from an original plant, without the need for seeds.
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Environmental Stewardship Scheme
An agri-environmental scheme where farmers receive payments for farm management practices that benefit wildlife and the environment
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Most appealing species that can be used to highlight conservation campaigns.If the flagship species are successfully protected then the others that share their environment may also be protected

Back

Flagship species

Card 3

Front

The study of the function of living things

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

the study of the causes of birth defects

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

species that are native to the area

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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