Visual Cognition

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  • Created by: mint75
  • Created on: 26-04-15 15:37

1. What is a temporal hierarchy?

  • Knowledge of how objects behave and appear arranged in a hierarchy of highest to lowest frequency
  • Different forms of information take different amounts of time to recover from visual input
  • The speed at which pictoral information is recovered
  • Another name for iconic memory
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2. What do ambiguous figure tasks measure?

  • How pps access image representations in the brain
  • The speed at which pps respond indicates the speed of the cognitive processes behind shape representation
  • How key features and structural relations of objects are represented in visual cognition
  • Problem solving abilities

3. What did a mental transformation study using rotated letters by Cooper&Shepard (1973) show?

  • That there was evidence of a visual code store during matching
  • That pps mentally simulated the physical event of a rotated letter in order to efficiently perform during matching
  • Pps retrieved the information of the letter form from the visual code
  • That mental simulation was not an efficient way of completing matching tasks

4. In the early stages of visual processing model, which stage has the slowest readout and which has the fastest readout?

  • Equally fast
  • Both stages co-occur
  • Visual code=fastest, name code= slowest
  • Name code=fastest, visual code=slowest

5. What does evidence suggest about visual reasoning?

  • Humans naturally adopt mental simulation strategies, reflecting how problem solving+perception are closely linked
  • The only way humans solve visual problems is through deductive reasoning
  • Visual reasoning is a purely physical process, there is no cognitive abilities utilised


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