1. What does evidence suggest about visual reasoning?
- Visual reasoning is a purely physical process, there is no cognitive abilities utilised
- Humans naturally adopt mental simulation strategies, reflecting how problem solving+perception are closely linked
- The only way humans solve visual problems is through deductive reasoning
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2. What do ambiguous figure tasks measure?
- How key features and structural relations of objects are represented in visual cognition
- The speed at which pps respond indicates the speed of the cognitive processes behind shape representation
- Problem solving abilities
- How pps access image representations in the brain
3. In the early stages of visual processing model, which stage has the slowest readout and which has the fastest readout?
- Equally fast
- Visual code=fastest, name code= slowest
- Name code=fastest, visual code=slowest
- Both stages co-occur
4. What did Posner & Mitchell (1967) find?
- Pps were equally fast at all matching tasks
- Pps were slowest at vowel matches and fastest at consonant matches
- Pps were all fastest when repsonding to physical form matches and slowest when responding to consonant matches
- Pps were all faster at responding to name matches rather than physical
5. What did early work by Posner & Mitchell (1967) aim to show?
- How accurate a pps cog. processes can be when asked to match letters
- The time taken for pps to respond to the task represents the cog. processes, how long it takes to recover and run visual/name codes
- How accurate pps guesses were when choosing matching letters