Visual Cognition

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  • Created by: mint75
  • Created on: 26-04-15 15:37

1. What did Posner & Mitchell (1967) find?

  • Pps were equally fast at all matching tasks
  • Pps were all fastest when repsonding to physical form matches and slowest when responding to consonant matches
  • Pps were all faster at responding to name matches rather than physical
  • Pps were slowest at vowel matches and fastest at consonant matches
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2. What does evidence suggest about visual reasoning?

  • Humans naturally adopt mental simulation strategies, reflecting how problem solving+perception are closely linked
  • The only way humans solve visual problems is through deductive reasoning
  • Visual reasoning is a purely physical process, there is no cognitive abilities utilised

3. What did a mental transformation study using rotated letters by Cooper&Shepard (1973) show?

  • That mental simulation was not an efficient way of completing matching tasks
  • That pps mentally simulated the physical event of a rotated letter in order to efficiently perform during matching
  • That there was evidence of a visual code store during matching
  • Pps retrieved the information of the letter form from the visual code

4. What do ambiguous figure tasks measure?

  • Problem solving abilities
  • How pps access image representations in the brain
  • How key features and structural relations of objects are represented in visual cognition
  • The speed at which pps respond indicates the speed of the cognitive processes behind shape representation

5. What is a temporal hierarchy?

  • Knowledge of how objects behave and appear arranged in a hierarchy of highest to lowest frequency
  • Different forms of information take different amounts of time to recover from visual input
  • The speed at which pictoral information is recovered
  • Another name for iconic memory


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