Utitlitarianism

HideShow resource information
What is ethics?
Moral principles that govern a persons behaviour
1 of 30
What is an implication?
Something that is naturally supposed to be understood
2 of 30
What is an objective moral law?
A god given law e.g. the 10 commandments
3 of 30
What is principle of utility?
The greatest good for the greatest number
4 of 30
What is a hedodnist?
A person that loves pleasure above everything else.
5 of 30
What is consequentialism?
Ethical theory where right/wrong is decided by the consequence
6 of 30
What is utility?
Whatever affects the outcome of a situation
7 of 30
Who is known as the daddy of utilitarianism?
Jeremy Bentham
8 of 30
Why did his utilitarianisms start?
18h century where there was poverty, over crowded housing conditions, chcild labour and other problems
9 of 30
Benthams version of utilitarianism is known as:
Classical act utilitarianism
10 of 30
Benthams utilitarianism is:
Quantitative, Consequentialist, Based on only pleasure
11 of 30
What does the Hedonic calculus look at?
Purity, Richness,Remoteness,Duration, Intensity, Certainty, Extent.
12 of 30
What is utilitarianism?
An ethical theory of utility
13 of 30
What is teleological ethics?
Consequences of an action
14 of 30
Benthams theory claims to....
Maximise pleasure and minimise pain
15 of 30
Benthams theory is a....
Deontological theory
16 of 30
Who argues against Bentham?
John Stuart Mill
17 of 30
Who is J.S.Mill to Bentham?
His godson and student, his fathers colleague
18 of 30
What does he look at?
Qualitative approach to utilitarianism and different types of pleasure
19 of 30
What does she say about Benthams idea of pleasure?
He says that there are higher/lower order pleasures
20 of 30
What is the difference between the higher and lower order pleasure?
Higher order pleasure - goin to the opera and makes the mind more intellegent. The lower order pleasure: Eating to the chocolate and pleasing the physical rather than the mental.
21 of 30
Mill says there are feelings that are above happinesss, they are;
Truth,love,justice and other exaples
22 of 30
John Stuart Mill's utilitarianism is called?
Rule utilitarianism
23 of 30
What does rule utilitarianism claim?
An action is right if it complies with the rules
24 of 30
What does act utilitarianism claim?
Any action is right as long as it pleasures the majority
25 of 30
Mill's analogy:
It is better to be a human dissatisfied than a pig satisfied
26 of 30
Strong utilitarianism:
Rules must never be broken
27 of 30
Weak rule utilitarianism:
Rules can be broken depending on the circumstance
28 of 30
What is the harm principe?
A power can be rightfully exercised on an individual if the person is causing harm to others or themself.
29 of 30
What does the harm principle make sure of?
Minorities are not being exploited for pleasure of the majority
30 of 30

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is an implication?

Back

Something that is naturally supposed to be understood

Card 3

Front

What is an objective moral law?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is principle of utility?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is a hedodnist?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

aklema

Report

this website is sick!!!! it helped e alot

tnx 

xxxxxx

Similar Religious Studies resources:

See all Religious Studies resources »See all Ethics resources »