Cosmological arguement

A mind map made by myself about the cosmological arguement.

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  • Created by: Miriam
  • Created on: 11-12-12 19:42
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  • Cosmological arguement
    • A posteriori, knowlegde gained from evidence in the world around us
    • The 1st Way
      • No such thing as infinite regression as with this there would be no prime mover and so no movement (change).
      • Motion
      • Everything is constantly changing
      • Aquinas
      • Potentiality moves to actuality - wood has potential to become fire, then in becomes fire in actuality.
        • Potentiallity- unexibited possible characteristics
        • If wood had the potential to be hot without fire it would be hot already. In order to be able to change it must be given its potentiality by something else.
        • Actuality- exhibited characteristics
    • The 2nd Way
      • Causation
    • The 3rd Way
      • Contingency
      • Everything is contingent- everything changes, everything comes in and out of existence.
        • This means there must have been a time before when nothing existed
          • The 3rd Way
            • Contingency
            • Everything is contingent- everything changes, everything comes in and out of existence.
              • This means there must have been a time before when nothing existed
                • Nothing can come from nothing so something necessarily had to have caused the start of contingency.
                  • This is God.
          • Nothing can come from nothing so something necessarily had to have caused the start of contingency.
            • This is God.
    • Disadvatages
      • Humes critisism
        • Infinite regression 'If the material world rests upon a similar ideal world, this ideal world must rest upon some other; and so on, without end.'
          • Simply because every event in a series has a cause it does not mean that the series itself has a cause
            • Could be a strength to the argument as answer criticism of the universe needing a cause.
      • The Prime mover that Aquinas talks of may not be of  classical theism
      • If God needs no cause, then why does the universe need any?
        • Could be a strength to the argument as answer criticism of the universe needing a cause.
  • Everything is caused by something else
    • The 2nd Way
      • Causation
  • Advantages
    • Cosmological arguement
      • A posteriori, knowlegde gained from evidence in the world around us
      • The 1st Way
        • No such thing as infinite regression as with this there would be no prime mover and so no movement (change).
        • Motion
        • Everything is constantly changing
        • Aquinas
        • Potentiality moves to actuality - wood has potential to become fire, then in becomes fire in actuality.
          • Potentiallity- unexibited possible characteristics
          • If wood had the potential to be hot without fire it would be hot already. In order to be able to change it must be given its potentiality by something else.
          • Actuality- exhibited characteristics
      • Disadvatages
        • Humes critisism
          • Infinite regression 'If the material world rests upon a similar ideal world, this ideal world must rest upon some other; and so on, without end.'
            • Simply because every event in a series has a cause it does not mean that the series itself has a cause
          • The Prime mover that Aquinas talks of may not be of  classical theism
          • If God needs no cause, then why does the universe need any?
      • Quantum physics has proven sub-atomic particles to move without cause
        • Rational as based on reasoning
          • Advantages
          • The cause of everything must act outside of our time and realm. This disagrees with the Christian (Aquinas's)  view of God
            • Answers the question of our beginnings

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