ussr ; social developments ; social security ; employment

LABOUR MARKET UNDER LENIN
DFFGD
1 of 63
what collapsed during civil war?
industrial production
2 of 63
which resulted in drift of factory workers where?
countryside
3 of 63
where what was more reliable?
food supplies
4 of 63
factories in production still found themselves without what?
sufficient workers
5 of 63
and gov resorted to issuing decree that did what?
forced people without employment to tae any work offered
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REST OF LABOUR UNDER LENIN BC IM NOT ******* DOING THAT AGAIN
ALL I CAN REMEMBER IS THE BEARD GUYS
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INDUSTRIALISATION + FULL EMPLOYMENT
GD
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what came about AS A CONSEQUENCE of push to industrialise?
full employment
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most specifically under which economic policy?
5 year-plans
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in '30 what did soviet union announce itself as the first country to do?
reach full urban employment in peacetime
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what was number of hired workers in '28?
11.6m
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to how many in '37?
27m
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what made employment opportunities plentiful
rapid heavy industry expansion
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excessive gov targets resulted in factories doing what?
using every available labour source
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lac of what put increasing pressure on labour force?
modern technology
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large numbers peasants drifted to towns after what economic country thing?
collectivisation
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despite this by which year was there labour shortages?
'32
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- full employment impacts on workers
dfgdg
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what lead to workplace divisions?
swamping old industrial workers by new peasants
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what did more established skilled workers attempt to protect?
position and pay
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by doing what to newcomers?
discrimination and harrassment
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when was unemployment benefit cancelled in light of full employment?
october '30
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who were left to act as providers of social insurance?
trade unions
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dealing with issues like compensation out of what?
own funds
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lots of jobs had been created but what was low?
productivity
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in '27 avg soviet worker produced what fraction of what a birtish worker would?
1/2
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to meet production targets what did managers use?
uninterrupted work
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what is uninterrupted work?
both day and night shifts on machines 24hrs a day
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what about this did little to imporove experience of industrial worker?
long hours and little time off
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what three things was much work?
unchallenging / hard / repetitive
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why were labour shortages a real fear for mamgers?
they wanted to meet production targets
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what did workers unhappy with job constantly do?
change occupation in search of better employment
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to deal with this what system did government issue?
passport system
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in what year was internal passport needed to change jobs?
'32
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and what was distributed through workplace?
food rations
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policies introduced to do what?
keep workers where they were needed
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even by '37 what % workforce changed job in each quarter of year?
30%
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in '31 wage differences between un/skilled workers was increased in attempt to do what?
reward skilled workers and discourage moving jobs
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in '32 what was added to the incentives?
better rations / bonuses
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what is piecework?
workers paid according to amount they produce
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from what year was this expanded?
'34
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why did this please skilled workers?
meant they had opp to earn higher wage
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but why were higher wages only a small incentive why?
nothing in shops to buy
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alongsode material incentives gov used what to motivate workforce?
medals and honours
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soviet workers encouraged to work like who?
alexei stakhanov
46 of 63
coalminer from donbass that could mne how many times the avg of coal?
15
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komsomol enthusiasts were used by gov to form what?
'shock brigades'
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deployed to do which two things to workers?
promote productin / instil socialist values
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what are two examples of rewards for model workers?
new flat / bigger rations
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what happened to slackers?
ridiculed
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what was one consequence of resrictions on workers changing jobs?
increased absenteeism
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when were hard pubishments introduced for absent workers?
'31
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by '39 what was absenteesim made?
criminal offence (that could = prison)
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why were these measures not always applied?
short labour supply
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what had to be used to meet workers needs?
slave labour
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pressure on labour was intense in which nmajor event?
wwii
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in war why were women massively employed?
bc men were @ war
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demobilisation in '45 returned many men to workforce but not always where?
where needed
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who were used as forced labour?
prisoners of war
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supplemented by increasing numbers where?
gulag
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how many labour camp inmates '45?
1.5m
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and in '53?
2.5m
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

what collapsed during civil war?

Back

industrial production

Card 3

Front

which resulted in drift of factory workers where?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

where what was more reliable?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

factories in production still found themselves without what?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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