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Cold War Exam
Part A -
The impact of the post-Stalin thaw on superpower relations
1053-62
Death of Stalin:
Stalin died in March 1953 and his death was met with great relief from the west as
his death was seen as a dominant factor in the development of the Cold…

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different policies to work within the greater stability. But, this switch in policy was
promoted by the change in leadership on both sides.
The Death of Stalin also brought about another period of rivalry. The rivals were Beria
(who was in charge of the secret police and his control over…

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Pact of 1955 symbolised the willingness of the USSR to protect the Eastern Bloc
from the perceived evils of American imperialism.
With their positions in Europe more secure, the superpowers were more willing to
attempt negotiation.

Military and economic context:
o The development of nuclear capability by both sides had…

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These developments in East Germany delivered a blow to Beria's foreign policy and
seriously undermined his attempt to gain the leadership of USSR.
Beria's motives for his German initiative may hhave been to distance himself from
Stalin's policies or to impress his colleagues in the Politburo, but both of these…

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The continuity between Malenkov's foreign policy and that of Khrushchev is
highlighted by the fact that the name associated with Khrushchev's `peaceful
coexistence', had been already used by Malenkov to describe his own approach.

The immediate impact of Khrushchev's policy of Peaceful
coexistence:

Khrushchev's new leadership led to several new…

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However, in 1955 Khrushchev was ready to withdraw soviet presence in Porkkala as
he saw no reason to retain their influence in a non-communist country and
considered it to be of little strategic use and more of a burden than an asset.
Molotov had tried to overrule this decision to…

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As a military man IKE was aware of the destructive force of nuclear weapons. Like the
new soviet leadership, he was keen to avoid the prospect of nuclear annihilation.
IKE was very cautious of the growth of power and influence of the military-industrial
complex within the USA. He was also…

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communism. Over $20 billion was given to Latin America to promote land reforms
for the poor.
Covert methods had been used by IKE but were enlarges in scope and ambition
under Kennedy. CIA involvement in attempt to remove Castro, the communist leader
of Cuba, gathered pace leading to the fiasco…

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The only thing to come out of the Geneva Spirit was cultural exchanges of scientists,
musicians and artists.
Positive: K accepted the US invitation to visit the USA in 1959 and it was generally a
success. However, Negatively: K was denied access to Disneyland on Health and
Safety grounds and…

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The events in Hungary of 1956 showed the vulnerability of the Soviet sphere of
influence that had been built up after WW2.
K encouraged calls for liberalisation within Hungary through De- Stalinisation and it
showed the impact that changes within the Soviet Union could have on its satellite
states.
De-…

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