Unit 4 - Schizophrenia


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  • Created on: 09-06-14 10:35
Paul and Lentz 1977
Token economy; found after 4.5 years, 98% released, normal this was 45%
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Brown 1979
Schizophrenics in families that expressed high levels of criticism, hostility or over-involvement had more relapse rates than those less expressive in emotions.
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Falloon et al 1985
Relapse rates were far lower for schiz patients receiving family therapy than those receiving therapy. 50% readmitted, 11% readmitted with family therapy.
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Scheff 1966
Schizophrenia is largely a social role - conform- self-fulfilling prophecy.
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Hemsley 1993
Problem is the breakdown between stored schemas and current sensory input being confused.
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Frith 1992
Claimed positive symptoms may occur due to a problem with self-monitoring, so fail to keep track of their own intentions. Regard thoughts as alien.
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Brown
50% patients recently diagnosed with the disorder had experienced 1 or more major life events in the 3 weeks before diagnosis.
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Gottesman
Inherited through genes. Summarised 40 studies of twins and found concordance rates for monozygotic twins about 48% compared to only 17% for dizygotic.
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Wahlberg et al
Children at a high genetic risk did well if their adopted families provided a supportive environment.
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Tienari
Took 155 schizo mothers who gave up their children for adoption and compared them to 155 who didn't have a schizo parent. Found 10.3% of children with schizo mothers developed the disorder compared to 1.1% without.
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Seidman 1990
Post-mortem assessments of schizo brains found more dopamine receptors than in those without schiz.
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Birchwood and Jackson 2001
There is no evidence the drugs reduce negative symptoms.
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Chanpattana 2007
Found patients receiving a combination of drug therapy and ECT found significant improvements in QOL and social functioning, esp when ECT was administered 3 times a week. However, in some cases ECT led to a worsening of negative symptoms.
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Ellasson and Ross
People with dissociative identity disorder have more symptoms.
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Beck et al 1961
Reliability was 54% when 2 psychiatrists diagnosed 154 patients.
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Harrison et al 1984
Showed an over-diagnosis of schizophrenia in West Indian patients - misunderstood symptoms - cultural relativism.
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Schizophrenics in families that expressed high levels of criticism, hostility or over-involvement had more relapse rates than those less expressive in emotions.

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Brown 1979

Card 3

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Relapse rates were far lower for schiz patients receiving family therapy than those receiving therapy. 50% readmitted, 11% readmitted with family therapy.

Back

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Card 4

Front

Schizophrenia is largely a social role - conform- self-fulfilling prophecy.

Back

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Card 5

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Problem is the breakdown between stored schemas and current sensory input being confused.

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