Unit 1 key terms

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Inhumation
Ritual practice which involves burying the body in the ground (spitalfields)
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Focus of attention
The sculptural or architectural feature that draws the attention of the onlooker (cult statue of Antenociticus @ Benwell)
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Purity and cleansing
Ritual practice which is seen to guarantee that the devotee appears acceptable to the deity as being cleansed of sin. (wash basin at the temple of Apollo)
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Excarnation
A mortuary practice that involves either allowing dead bodies to become defleshed naturally or acitvely removing it before burial. (the idea behind this is that the defleshing allows the soul to escape the body)
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Sensory experience
The sensual stimuli that accompanies ritual activity created by people deliberately or is a natural phenomena (The incense burners at Coventina's welll)
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Shamanism
An individual who can communicate with the gods, spirits or another world. Often through the medium of a trance or hallucinogenic substance
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Propiation/votives
Making offerings to gods/ancestors to make sure they are happy and receptive to human needs or demands (Sacrifice to Mercury @ Uley)
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Liminal space
A natural place, building or structure that acts as a threshold, boundary or gateway to the 'other' world. Most watery locations like the sacred spring at Bath or Coventina's well is considered liminal
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Grave goods
Objects and/or food places in the grave as offerings to the deceased to accompany them in the afterlife or to help them once they are there. (objects such as glass phial or jet black box found at Spitalfields)
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Ritual
encompasses the physical acts and behaviors which are carried out by someone with a particular set of beliefs. Ritual acts can include sacrifice, offerings, prayer or the giving of grave goods.
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Polytheism
The belief and worship of multiple deities instead of one (Bath and Uley)
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Monotheism
The belief or worship of a single deity instead of a group (Christianity)
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Symbolism
In religion and ritual involves the use of pictures and abstract referents to communicate important ideas
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Rites of passage
Cultural and religious practice which are carried out to mark the passage of individuals in society from one important stage to another.
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Ritual feasting
The consumption of food and/or drink which precedes,accompanies or follows a ritual act (Bacchus cult)
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Pilgrim
One who makes a ritual journey to a specific destination generally regarded as a holy place. (Uley is thought to be a site of pilgrimage)
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Worship
Activity intended to propriate, adore or communicate with the gods. Often directed at a focus of attention or lead by a ritual specialist.
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Art&Iconography
The study of the meaning behind the images used in a given culture (Chi-Ro symbol in Christianity)
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Animism
The belief that nature is enlivened or energised by distinct personalised spirit beings which are thought to live in animals, plants and humans.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The sculptural or architectural feature that draws the attention of the onlooker (cult statue of Antenociticus @ Benwell)

Back

Focus of attention

Card 3

Front

Ritual practice which is seen to guarantee that the devotee appears acceptable to the deity as being cleansed of sin. (wash basin at the temple of Apollo)

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A mortuary practice that involves either allowing dead bodies to become defleshed naturally or acitvely removing it before burial. (the idea behind this is that the defleshing allows the soul to escape the body)

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The sensual stimuli that accompanies ritual activity created by people deliberately or is a natural phenomena (The incense burners at Coventina's welll)

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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