Hochdorf

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  • Created by: Katie
  • Created on: 10-05-14 13:40
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  • Hochdorf
    • Features
      • Grave chamber enclosed with wood and stone, within side the log chamber.
        • Closed the chamber and covered in earth
      • Log construction grave chamber
    • Site Description
      • Central log tomb
      • Large tumulus, 8m high burial mound, surrounded by a stone circle (rites of intensification)
      • Single adult male, inhumation
        • 40 year old man, no cause of death determined, over 6ft tall (above average)
        • Body embalmed before burial
        • no hair on body, maybe preservation treatment.
      • Numerous grave goods
      • Burial interpreted as an elite
        • Societies at this time modelled as chiefdoms.
    • Artefacts
      • Drinking horn (feasting)
      • Gold bowl
      • Birch bark hat
      • Gold knife
      • Gold shoe ornaments
      • Gold fibulae
      • Gold belt cover
      • Gold neck ring
      • Bronze couch
      • A complete wagon (takes up nearly half of the chamber.)
      • Large Cauldron, with 3 cast bronze lions (all different) high status
    • Comparative arch sites
      • The Princess of Vix, France (Iron Age)
        • chamber contained a wagon but dismantled
        • High status burial
        • Her body was laid out just like Hochdorf's body
        • Female and had typical artefacts of that which would be found in a male chamber.
        • Gold collar (offerings)
        • Statues of gold winged horse
        • Kylix (Greek drinking vessel) (feasting)
        • Also had a large cauldron, filled with honey mead (alcohol)
          • Cauldron decoration of chariots
      • Wetwang Slack
        • Also had a wagon buried with her.
    • Religious key terms
      • Ritual feasting
      • Rites of intensification
      • Grave goods
      • Mortuary ritual
      • Votive offerings
      • Animism (lions on cauldron)
    • Iron Age, Inhumation in Germany

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