UNIT 2 - Cognitive Psychology - COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT

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Cognitive Development
The process of developing mental ability involving memory, language, problem solving, perception and thought.
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Object Permenance
The understanding that although an object cannot be seen, the object still exists
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Egocentrism
A child can only view the world from their own viewpoint. They are not sensitive to the fact that others may have different views or thoughts
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Reversibility
The ability to imagine reversing a process
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Centration
Focusing on small aspects of a task, not the task as a whole
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Conservation
The understanding that something stays the same even though its appearance changes
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Zone of Proximal Development
The child can move from their zone of actual development into the Zone of Proximal Development through interaction with peers and adults.
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Scaffolding
Interaction with the world can increase a chlid's cognitive capacity
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Piaget
Piaget suggested a child centred approach to education. Application to education - Learning by discovery, readiness and appropriate materials
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Vygotsky
Vygotsky suggested a teacher centred approach and suggests interaction with others are important when learning. He introduced scaffolding which takes place within the Zone of Proximal Development.
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Bruner
Bruner agreed with Vygotsky. He had a theory called modes of representation. he suggested the spiral curriculum, motivation, language and discovery learning
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Card 2

Front

The understanding that although an object cannot be seen, the object still exists

Back

Object Permenance

Card 3

Front

A child can only view the world from their own viewpoint. They are not sensitive to the fact that others may have different views or thoughts

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The ability to imagine reversing a process

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Focusing on small aspects of a task, not the task as a whole

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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