Unit 1 - Elections and Voting (Definitions & Key Terms)

HideShow resource information
Manifesto
A document in which a political party sets out its policy programme at an election.
1 of 24
Turnout
The proportion of the electorate that votes in an election.
2 of 24
Representation
The process by which an individual or individuals act on behalf of a larger group.
3 of 24
Representative
an individual who acts on behalf of a large group but is free to exercise their own judgement.
4 of 24
Delegate
An individual authorised to act on behalf of others but who is bound by clear instructions.
5 of 24
Trustee
An individual who has formal responsibility for the interests of another.
6 of 24
Constituency
A geographical territory for which representative are chosen in an election.
7 of 24
District Magnitude
The number of representatives elected from a particular constituency.
8 of 24
Majoritarian System
An electoral system in which the winning candidate must achieve an absolute majority of votes cast in a single member constituency.
9 of 24
Mixed System
An electoral system where a proportion of representatives are elected under a majoritarian/plurality system in single- member constituencies, and the others are elected as ‘additional members’ using a proportional system in multi-member constituencie
10 of 24
Proportional Representation
An electoral system using a multi-member constituencies in which an electoral formula is used to match the percentage of seats won by each party to the percentage of votes they won.
11 of 24
Simple- plurality system
An electoral system in which the candidate with the most votes in a single member constituency wins.
12 of 24
Adversarial Politics
A situation often found in two-party systems in which the governing party is confronted by an opposition party that offers a different policy programme, and which is outwardly hostile towards the government even when in broad agreement with it.
13 of 24
Safe Seat
A constituency that normally elects an MP from the same political party at every election.
14 of 24
Tactical Voting
Voting for the candidate most likely to defeat the voter’s least favoured candidate.
15 of 24
Wasted Vote
– A vote for losing candidate in a single-member constituency, or a vote for a winning candidate that was surplus to the plurality required for victory.
16 of 24
Electoral Reform
Changes made to an electoral system or a change from one electoral system to an alternative in Britain, the term commonly refers to the campaign, to replace FPTP with PRI.
17 of 24
Minority government
A government formed by a political party that does not have an overall majority in the legislature.
18 of 24
Class Dealignment
The decline in the relationship between social class and voting
19 of 24
Core Vote
Voters who feel a strong attachment to a political party a vote for it in election after election.
20 of 24
Floating Voters
Voters without a strong attachment to a particular party, who may switch their vote from election to election.
21 of 24
Partisan Dealignment
The decline in strong voter identification with political parties.
22 of 24
Socialisation
The process by which individuals acquire their values and beliefs.
23 of 24
Rational Choice Model
An approach to the study of politics that focuses on the actions of rational individuals who pursue their own interests.
24 of 24

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The proportion of the electorate that votes in an election.

Back

Turnout

Card 3

Front

The process by which an individual or individuals act on behalf of a larger group.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

an individual who acts on behalf of a large group but is free to exercise their own judgement.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

An individual authorised to act on behalf of others but who is bound by clear instructions.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Government & Politics resources:

See all Government & Politics resources »See all Democracy resources »