Political parties, Electoral systems

Has info on candidate selection, main ideologies, leadership selection and policy formulation for the main three parties. Also pro's and cons to all electoral systems, the different functions of elections,  different definitions of democracy and quite a lot on how Political parties fulfull there functions :) this was the final consolidation of my notes on these area's- hope it helps

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  • Created by: Sophie
  • Created on: 12-01-13 17:23

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Politics revision and consolidation

Political parties:
Conservative party. Main idea's

Rolling back the state- individuals should not be held back by the state + should make there
own way. ­ shouldn't be involved in education
Traditional social values ie sexual equality, tough on law and order- gun dealers given life…

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MP's can however vote tactically eg 2001 Ian Duncan smith
Excludes members till end ­ and even they don't represent wider society should the leader
win the election

Candidate selection.

Must get names on an approved list by interview before a panel
The central office would give the local constituency…

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Leadership selection: before 1980's leader chosen by mp's alone but now electoral college
system is in place 1/3rd by parliamentary labour party 1/3rd by affiliated organisations 1/3
party members. Candidate must be nominated by 12.5% mp's if there is a vacancy or 20% if
it's a challenge. If no candidate…

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State funding ­ cranbourn money split of 2 million from house of lords for policy
development. Short money in order to cover administration costs.
Corporate donations: trade unions 91% of labour donations UNITE 1.5 million. 25%
conservatives come from financial sector and 375000 to lib dems from ministry of sound…

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Simle plurality system- voters have one vote and choose between different candidates,
from different parties. Candidate that wins most votes are selected. It is not necessary for
candidates to win a majority of the vote( 434 of 650 MP's returned in 2010 with less than
half of constituency votes)


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high degree of proportionality ­ however this varies on district magnitude as results are
more proportional in regions electing a high number of representatives
political parties use lists to increase no of underrepresented minorities eg women (22% of
seats) and black minorities( 4%) and Asian (<1%)
UKIP 16% votes 13/72…

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Winning candidate has to achieve an overall majority of votes cast
Voters indicate preference by writing 123 etc. , if no candidate secures a majority then the
candidate with the lowest number of first preference votes is eliminated and their second
preferences carry the same value as first preferences etc.…

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Electors cast two votes: one for their favoured candidate in a single member constituency and
one for their favoured party from a party list in multi member constituency's.


As a mixed system it balances the desirability of constituency representation against the
need for fairness in elections
The results are…

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accountable for there record. Following the mp expenses scandal many mp's chose to resign
rather than face the verdict of voters
EDUCATION: election campaigns provide citizens with information on major political issues
and the policies of the main parties. In theory this enables citizens to make informed
decisions on how…

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However in 2010 the coalition only gained 59.2% of vote ­ electorate often votes for leader
not policies (2010 they were equally important) due to fptp parties don't need 50% of vote-
Percieved shift towards centre many felt parties offered little choice and were just vote
winning machines focused on…


Old Sir


A useful and detailed set of revision notes, (with the occasional typo). Students looking for an exemplar 'end product' might find this useful. The next stage would be to identify more of the issues that have come up in past papers and decide how the evidence here can be used to gain marks at AO2, (evaluation and analysis).



content is detailed however grammar was very poor which made it hard to decipher at times 

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