Trade Unions

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  • Created by: alex rae
  • Created on: 17-05-16 13:50
In 1906 what percentage of a man's pay did women receive?
43.7%
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Why were trade unionists happy about women entering the workplace with a lower wage?
Could reduce men's pay, women take male jobs as they were cheaper labour
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What did Mr Sedgewick say at the 1877 Trade Union Congress debate?
Wherever female labour was, the wages of men had reduced by 50%
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What did Mr Merrick help to set up ?
Leicester Union of Women Seamers and Stitchers
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How many women were in trade unions in 1906 and 1914?
1906 = 167,000 . 1914= 340,000
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By whom, and when, was the Women's Trade Union League (prev Women's Protective and Provident League)?
1875, Emma Paterson. Name change in 1903
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What did the Laundry Workers Union in one city achieve through the Women's Trade Union League?
Day reduced from 14 hours to 9 and wage increase by 50%
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Why were Trade Boards introduced in 1909?
1906 Daily News organized an exhibition of work in sweated industries and let to a public outrage. The boards could fix a minimum wage in industries such as tailoring.
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What did Annie Besant achieve in the 1880s with regard to the Bryant and May match factory?
Fines were stopped, wages increased and working conditions increased.
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How many women were employed in 1914 and how many lost their jobs in September 1914?
5 million and 190,000 lost their jobs. Employers feared a recession and families laid off their domestic servants.
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The Central Committee for Women's Employment set up the Queen's Work for Women Fund, what did this do?
Offered retraining in Bethnal Green and Stepney to teach women new trades.
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When was the Women's War Register set up and how many women were enrolled?
Summer 1915 and within 2 weeks 33,000 were enrolled.
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What is dilution during war time?
Complex tasks were split so they could not fully take a man's job and this justified lower pay.
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Explain the out of work scheme for women when Britain returned to peace
25 shillings/week for 13 weeks. However, Nov 1919 reduced to 15 shillings, 1920= 12 shillings.
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What did the Government do in 1920 for the Central Committee for Women's Training and Employment?
Gave £500,000 to train women in various industries. By 1921 only training in domestic service was supported.
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In 1927 how many female barristers were there?
77
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What percentage of doctors were female in 1925?
7.4% (minuscule increase)
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How many women were sacked following the end of war?
5 months later 600,000
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What was the June 1919 Pre-War Trade Practices Act?
Guaranteed pre war pay and conditions for women.
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What happened in 1919 with regard to the civil service?
It was reorganized so qualified men were replaced with unqualified men.
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In 1926 what percentage of local authorities banned married women from working
75%
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In 1931 what percentage of working women were domestic servants?
35%
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What county council banned married women from teaching?
London County Council
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Why were trade unionists happy about women entering the workplace with a lower wage?

Back

Could reduce men's pay, women take male jobs as they were cheaper labour

Card 3

Front

What did Mr Sedgewick say at the 1877 Trade Union Congress debate?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did Mr Merrick help to set up ?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How many women were in trade unions in 1906 and 1914?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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