Union and labor rights until 1865

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  • Union and labor rights until 1865
    • International Typographical Union (1852)
      • Consisted of workers that did the same job
      • Mechanics' Union of Trade Associations (1827)
        • Was in Philadelphia which contained a range of different workers
    • Mechanics' Union of Trade Associations (1827)
      • Was in Philadelphia which contained a range of different workers
    • In 1865 most unions that did exist were small and exclusively for skilled workers
      • Craft Unions
      • NEGATIVES
        • Employers were under no legal obligation to recognise the existence of unions
        • Or their rights to negotiate on behalf of their members
    • Attempt to legalise trade unions
      • Positives
        • March 1842 - landmark decision by the Massachusetts Supreme Court (Commonwealth v. Hunt) ruled that unions were legal organisations and had the right to organise and strike
          • Before unions which attempted to 'close' or create a unionised workplace could be charged with conspiracy
    • Overall = it had little immediate impact

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